Skip to main content
  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus faucicola Wild & R.B.Drumm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Herbaceous climber; tendrils 2-fid.
    Leaves
    Leaves digitately 3–5-foliolate; petiole up to 7·5 cm. long, glabrous or sometimes with scabrid hairs; leaflets 9 × 3 cm., subsessile or with petiolules up to 8 mm. long, elliptic, acute to acuminate at the apex, margin serrate with setiform teeth up to 1 mm. long, narrowly cuneate at the base, glabrous but sometimes with scabrid hairs on midrib and nerves below; leaves on flowering branches reduced, simple, petiolate, sometimes 3-lobed, narrowly to broadly ovate, acute at the apex, cuneate to truncate at the base; stipules up to 5 × 4 mm., narrowly ovate to ovate.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes few-flowered, congested, leaf-opposed; peduncle 1–15 mm. long; pedicels 2·5 mm. long, lengthening to 5 mm. in young fruit; bracts and bracteoles 0·5–2 mm. long.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 2 × 1·5 mm.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 1 mm. long, subentire or obscurely 4-lobed.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow-green.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Young fruit glabrous.
    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Herbaceous climber to several m. long; stems ± slender, tinged purplish, glabrous, often narrowly winged, the wings becoming narrowly corky; tendrils unbranched.
    Leaves
    Main leaves digitately 3–5-foliolate; leaflets ovate to elliptic, 2.5–9(–14.5) cm. long, 1.2–4(–6.5) cm. wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, narrowly cuneate to truncate then cuneate at the base, serrate at the margins with setiform teeth up to 1 mm. long, glabrous except sometimes a few scabrid hairs on venation beneath; some 3-foliolate leaves have outer leaflets lobed at base; petiole 1.5–10 cm. long, glabrous or scabrid hairy; petiolules 0.8–1.2 cm. long; leaves on flowering shoots reduced, simple, narrowly to broadly ovate, 3–5.5 cm. long, 1.2–4 cm. wide, acute at the apex, cuneate to truncate at the base, sometimes 3-lobed; stipules narrowly ovate to ovate, 2–5 mm. long, 1–4 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers in few- to ± many-flowered congested ± slender leaf-opposed cymes of umbelliform cymules 2–8 mm. long; peduncle and axes 0.1–2.5 cm. long; pedicels 2.5–5 mm. long, thickening and lengthening to 1 cm. in fruit, glabrous; bracts and bracteoles 0.5–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx reddish, plate-like, 1 mm. long, ± entire to obscurely 4-lobed, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals yellowish green or white with purple tips or red to purplish outside, triangular to narrowly ovate, 1.8–2.5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Disc
    Disk cream.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style white, 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid, 6 mm. long, 4.5 mm. wide, densely crisped-rugose when dry with irregular wing-like folds.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid, 7 mm. long, 5 mm. wide. 2.5 mm. thick, the main keel raised but otherwise ± smooth (± immature).
    Habitat
    Rain-forest, particularly at edges by waterfalls and in grassy clearings; 900–2300 m.
    Distribution
    T3 T6 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Other Data

    Cissus faucicola Wild & R.B.Drumm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Richards, H.M. [7343] K000322877 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Kirkia 2: 142 (1961)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 28 (1969).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 458 (1966).
    • Wild & Drummond in Kirkia 2:142 (1961)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0