Skip to main content
  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus polyantha Gilg & M.Brandt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to N. Uganda.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Juicy liane to 9(–15) m. long; young stems green in life, glabrous to pubescent; older stems soft, pliable with smooth red-brown bark, sometimes glaucous; tendrils present.
    Leaves
    Leaves red when young, ovate or somewhat rhombic-or oblong-ovate or ± round, 5–20.5 cm. long, 3–17 cm. wide, narrowly acuminate at the apex, cordate at the base, margin with close very narrow somewhat spreading teeth 1 mm. long, glabrous above except for finely puberulous main nerves, velvety pale brown pubescent on venation beneath when young, the pubescence defining narrowly oblong areoles in young leaves which are more finely puberulous; petiole 3–12 cm. long; stipules peltate, rounded oblong, 3.5–6 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. wide, cordate, ± glabrous or densely pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences complicated umbel-like cymes of umbel-like ultimate elements, 6–10 cm. wide, the individual elements many-flowered, 1–1.5 cm. wide; peduncles 4–8 cm. long; pedicels very slender, (2)(4–)6–7 mm. long (long in East African specimen) glabrescent to densely pubescent; all axes puberulous; bracts triangular, ± 2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx round, 1.3 mm. wide, entire, glabrous to densely pubescent.
    Buds
    Buds conical, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous or micropuberulous.
    Corolla
    Petals rose or greenish or ± colourless.
    Style
    Style ± 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit black, pyriform or subglobose, 4–5 mm. diameter, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed globose, 4.5 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, 3.5 mm. thick; basal projection triangular, thick, the median keel marked and sinuous, laterals bifurcate or branched with several radials; surface smooth.
    Habitat
    Rocky hollow with grassland and thicket of Terminalia, Ficus, Tamarindus, Tricalysia and Harrisonia; 1200 m.
    Distribution
    U1 Sierra Leone to Cameroon, Zaire, Central African Republic and Sudan
    [FWTA]

    Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A half-woody climber with subterete brown-pubescent branches later glabrescent
    Flowers
    Flowers small, numerous, in ample panicles
    Ecology
    In forest vegetation.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus polyantha Gilg & M.Brandt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dinklage, M. [1671], Liberia K000322795 lectotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 46: 441, 467 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 467 (1912).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 104, t. 36 (1972).
    • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 535 (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 678 (1958).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 467 (1912).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0