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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus quinquangularis Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to SE. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    A succulent climbing plant 2–several m. long; root-tubers absent; all but oldest stems slender, 2.5–4 mm. wide in dry state, 5-angled, the angles brown or ± purple, horny, sharp; older stems to 1.2 cm. wide, more obtusely angled, glabrous; nodes slightly constricted; internodes 2.5–6 cm. long, 0.4–1.3 cm. wide; tendrils simple.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± persistent, fleshy and snapping easily when folded, elliptic to distinctly ovate-triangular, 2–9 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, rounded to acute at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, not lobed but ± coarsely dentate, glabrous, sometimes ± tuberculate (? abnormal); petiole 0.5–1.4(–4) cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences with peduncles and secondary axes 1–2.5 cm. long; pedicels 4–8 mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.2 mm. wide, entire or ± 4-angled.
    Corolla
    Corolla-bud ovoid, 2.5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruits ± elongate when young, later ± globose, ± 8 mm. in diameter, ± rugose-tuberculate when fresh, less obvious when dry.
    Habitat
    Trachylobium, Cynometra, Combretum schumannii, Tamarindus forest, Brachystegia spiciformis woodland, grassland with scattered trees (habitats moist for entire year); mostly in soil pockets on limestone outcrops; 0–300 m.
    Distribution
    K7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Somalia

    Other Data

    Cissus quinquangularis Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bally, P.R.O. [5789] 16449.000
    Bally, P.R.O., Kenya 36143.000
    Zoyi, R. [404], Somalia K000322806

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Somala 2: 142 (1932)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 511 (1958).
    • Chiov. in Fl. Somala 2: 142 (1932).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0