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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus trothae Gilg & M.Brandt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & SW. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Erect or suberect shrub, 1.2–3 m. tall, the branches becoming scandent; stems ± square, densely velvety with ferruginous hairs or later ± greyish silvery (possibly ferruginous only when dry); tendrils present and bearing a stipule-like organ below the middle.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate, round or rounded-oblong, (2.5–) 14–21 cm. long, (3–) 13–21 cm. wide, rounded at apex but with projecting midrib forming a short apiculum, cordate at the base, denticulate with longer and smaller apicula being projections of main and intermediate nerves, densely ferruginous woolly-velvety on both surfaces when young; petiole (1–)3.5–12 cm. long; stipules oblong, (1–)1.3–1.5 cm. long, 0.6–1.1 cm. wide, ± truncate, velvety ferruginous outside, ± glabrous inside.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, ± 9 cm. long, extending to 17 cm. in fruit, densely ferruginous; peduncles 5–6.5 cm. long; secondary axes 2.5 cm. long; pedicels 2–5 mm. long, lengthening to 7 mm. in fruit, densely ferruginous hairy; bracts stipule-like, 4–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.7 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, undulate, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow or greenish yellow, 3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Young fruits 1.2 cm. long, 1 cm. wide, glabrous.
    Habitat
    Isoberlinia-Brachystegia and Combretum-Comimiphora-Lannea-Delonix-Sterculia woodland and semi-evergreen bushland but sometimes in quite arid places, usually on granite outcrops; 950–1650 m.
    Distribution
    T5 T7 not known elsewhere
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Erect shrublet from perennial rootstock, flowering before adult leaves are produced; whole plant except petals and ovary densely ferruginous-tomentose; stem cylindric.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils usually absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; petiole 4–18 cm. long; leaf-lamina up to 23 × 22 cm., circular to broadly ovate, apex obtuse, sometimes obscurely 3-lobed, margin dentate or sinuate-dentate, base deeply cordate; stipules up to 15 × 8 mm., densely pubescent outside, glabrous within.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes leaf-opposed; peduncle 2–4 cm. long; pedicels congested, 4 mm. long, lengthening to 10 mm. in fruit; bracts and bracteoles up to 4 mm. long.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 3 mm. long, puberulous towards apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals purple.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit 9 × 6 mm., glabrous.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Cissus trothae Gilg & M.Brandt appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 46: 447, 474 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 259 (1953).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 28 (1949).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 474 (1912).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 447 (1911)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0