1. Family: Zygophyllaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Tribulus L.
      1. Tribulus parvispinus C.Presl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Egypt to S. Africa, Madagascar, Iraq to Pakistan.

    [FTEA]

    Zygophyllaceae, M. Nabil El Hadidi (Faculty of Science, Cairo University). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Annual, rather tender, silver-green villous herb; branches prostrate, up to 20 cm. long; internodes short, 1-2.5 cm. long, 1-2 mm. in diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-2 cm. long; leaflets 4-6 pairs, ovate-oblong, 3-4 × 2-2.5 mm. (sometimes larger in Tanzania); stipules minute, up to 1 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flower small, 3-5 mm. across; pedicel 2-5 mm. long, shorter than the subtending leaf.
    Calyx
    Sepals linear-lanceolate, 1-2 × 0.5-1 mm., deciduous.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 2-3 × 1-2 mm.
    Stamens
    Stamens mostly 5 in 1 whorl, rarely 6-8 in 2 whorls; filaments 1-1.5 mm. long; anthers 0.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary pyriform, 0.5 mm. in diameter; style short, 0.5 mm. long; stigma pyramidal, 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit disc-shaped, 4-6 mm. across excluding spines; stalk up to 1 cm. long; mericarp 2-3 × 1-2 mm., with 2 median and 2 basal spines 1.5-3 mm. long (basal spines occasionally absent).
    Figures
    Fig. 1/7, 8.
    Habitat
    Open places on sand or volcanic soils; 600-1350 m.
    Distribution
    along Red Sea from Egypt to Ethiopia, coastal regions of tropical Africa, S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan K4 K6 T1 T2 T3 U1 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Madagascar, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Tribulus parvispinus C.Presl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 2, 1979 South Africa K000417011 isotype
    Feb 2, 1979 Zeyher [273], South Africa K000417010
    Feb 2, 1979 Drège [s.n.], South Africa K000417009
    Jan 29, 1979 Schlechter, M. [s.n.], South Africa K000417012

    First published in Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 459 (1845)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • El Hadidi, N. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Zygophyllaceae: 1-14.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • El Hadidi, N. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Zygophyllaceae: 1-14.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Presl, Bot. Bemerk.: 29 [459] (1845).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0