1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Sclerocarya Hochst.
      1. Species: Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst.
        1. Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro

        This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    A thick-boled laxly branched tree, up to 18 m. tall; bark greyish, widely reticulate; branches spreading.
    Leaves
    Leaves 7–13 (17)-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 15–30 cm. long, hemicylindric, canaliculate above, glabrous; leaflets discolorous, 3–9·5(11) × 1·5–3·5(6) cm., ovate, oblong-elliptic or elliptic, acuminate with the acumen up to 10 × 4 mm. or sometimes acuminate-caudate, margin entire or sometimes dentate-serrate on suckers, asymmetric and slightly cuneate or rounded at the base, petiolulate, the lateral petiolules 0·5–3 cm. long, the terminal one up to 5 cm. long, membranous to subcoriaceous, glabrous; midrib prominent on both sides, lateral nerves distinct above, impressed or slightly raised below, reticulation very close and nearly inconspicuous; male inflorescences axillary and terminal, 7–17 cm. long, with puberulous axis; bracts 2 × 1·5 mm., ovate, obtuse, puberulous or glabrous.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: sepals c. 2 mm. long and broad; petals yellow to purplish-pink (red in bud), 4–6 × 3–4 mm., oblong-ovate, obtuse; filaments c. 3 mm. long; anthers 1–1·5 mm.
    Male
    Male flowers: sepals c. 2 mm. long and broad; petals yellow to purplish-pink (red in bud), 4–6 × 3–4 mm., oblong-ovate, obtuse; filaments c. 3 mm. long; anthers 1–1·5 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences subterminal, shorter than the male ones and with fewer flowers; axis and pedicels thickened in the fruiting state; sepals and petals ± as in the male flowers; staminodes 15–25; ovary subglobose.
    Female
    Female inflorescences subterminal, shorter than the male ones and with fewer flowers; axis and pedicels thickened in the fruiting state; sepals and petals ± as in the male flowers; staminodes 15–25; ovary subglobose.
    Fruits
    Drupe yellow, 3–3·5 cm. in diam., with very juicy mesocarp; stone 2–3 × 2·5 cm., thick, obovoid.
    Seeds
    Seed c. 1·5–2 cm. × 0·4–0·8 cm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Smith, P.A. [5689], Botswana K000511035
    Drummond, R.B. [5290], Botswana K000511033
    Miller, O.B. [522], Botswana K000511030
    Miller, O.B. [516], Botswana K000511031
    Miller, O.B. [516], Botswana K000511032
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [4639], Botswana K000511034
    Smith, P.A. [1157], Botswana K000511029
    Stuhlm., I. [604], Tanzania K000423406 isotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7684], Tanzania Sclerocarya caffra 23381.000
    Wild, H. [2329], Zimbabwe Sclerocarya caffra 16428.000
    Gomes, A. [4072], Mozambique Sclerocarya caffra 6482.000
    Schinz, H. [552], South Africa Sclerocarya caffra K000423399
    Schinz, H. [551], South Africa Sclerocarya caffra K000423400
    Blackburn, J. [s.n.] Sclerocarya caffra K000423401
    Blackburn [s.n.] Sclerocarya caffra K000423402

    First published in Kew Bull. 34: 756 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0