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  1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crassula L.
      1. Species: Crassula perfoliata L.
        1. Crassula perfoliata var. heterotricha (Schinz) Toelken

        This variety is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.


    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    A succulent undershrub or shrub, 20·50 cm. (or more?) high.
    Stem sprawling with apical portion erect, ± branched, 6-25 mm. in diameter, woody, blackish, leafless and marked by the scars of the fallen leaves or with dried older leaves towards the base, leafy like the branches for the uppermost 3-22 cm.
    Leaves (3)5-10·5(17·5) x 1-1·5(2·5) cm., the median ones the longest, oblong or triangular in outline, usually nearly parallel-sided, obtuse, rounded or rarely acute at the apex, entire at the margin, sessile and connate-amplexicaul at the base, very fleshy, flat above, convex beneath or sometimes subtrigonous, grey-green or glaucous to whitish, closely covered everywhere (except towards the base on the upper face) by an indumentum of contiguous, very short, blunt, whitish papillae, decussate or in two opposite rows, usually very dense, spreading to erect-spreading, rarely arched at the base and then upright, straight (not falcate); internodes usually many times shorter than the leaves, the upper ones completely concealed by the sheaths of the leaves.
    Flowers 5-merous, usually in ± dense, subspheric, corymbose inflorescences, 3·5-7 cm. in diameter; peduncle 7·5-14 cm. long and up to 3-5 mm. in diameter below, erect, papillose as the leaves towards the base and patently or retrorsely hairy upwards (the hairs dense, thin, acute, fulvous or whitish), with 3-4 pairs of bracts, 3-forked at the apex; pedicels up to 3 mm. long, hispidulous.
    Calyx 3-4·5 mm. long, greyish, hairy; sepals c. 1 mm. broad at the base, triangular to linear-lanceolate, acute to subobtuse, connate for c. 1 mm.
    Corolla 5-9(10) mm. long, white; petals 1-1·5 mm. broad, oblong or linear-oblong, subobtuse to acute and mucronulate just below the apex, smooth or minutely papillose-scabrous on both faces, connate at base for c. 1-75 mm., reflexed at the top.
    Filaments 4-6 mm. long; anthers 1-1·25(1·5) mm. long when unopened, shorter after dehiscence.
    Follicles 5·5-8·5 mm. long (with the styles), attenuate above into the styles, minutely tuberculate everywhere or only along the suture.
    Scales ± 0·5 x 0·75 mm.



    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe


    Other Data

    Crassula perfoliata var. heterotricha (Schinz) Toelken appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [s.n.], Mozambique Crassula heterotricha K001094754
    s.coll. [s.n.] Crassula heterotricha K001094755
    s.coll. [s.n.] Crassula heterotricha K001094756


    First published in J. S. African Bot. 41: 115 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.