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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Pothos L.
      1. Pothos chinensis (Raf.) Merr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Nansei-shoto.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Vernacular
    shi gan zi
    Phenology
    Fl. and fr. throughout year.
    Habitat
    Dense forests, moist mountain valleys, climbing on trees or creeping over rocks.
    General Description
    Lianas, small to very large, to 10m, root-climbing. Stem weakly 4-angled or terete in cross section, to 12mm in diam. Leaves paler abaxially, bright to mid-green adaxially; petiole obovate-oblong to linear-oblong or narrowly triangular, 50–140 × 4–20mm, broadly winged, base decurrent to clawed, apex truncate, rounded, or auriculate; each side with 2 or 3 secondary veins and numerous veinlets; leaf blade ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, 3–20.5 × 1.5–20.5cm, apex attenuate-mucronate to acute or attenuate, minutely tubulate; each side with 2–4 intramarginal veins arising from base and either immediately diverging or remaining very close and parallel to midrib and then diverging further along leaf blade, submarginal collecting vein prominent. Flowering shoot much abbreviated, arising from most of mid- to distal leaf axils of fertile shoots. Inflorescences solitary or in pairs; peduncle erect to variously curved, green to brown tinged, 3–25 × 1.5–2.5mm, rather stout. Spathe greenish white or green, occasionally faintly purple tinged, ovate, concave, 4–12 × 4–10mm, base cordate, clasping and slightly decurrent on peduncle, margins inrolled, apex arched to recurved, acute to subacute with a rather stout mucro. Spadix stipitate; stipe erect, straight, green, terete, 5–10 × 1–1.25mm; fertile zone pale green or white, globose to ovoid, 3.5–13 × 3–10mm. Flowers 1–2 mm in diam. Fruit mid-green, ripening to scarlet, obclavate to ovoid or ellipsoid, 10–17.5 × 10–14mm.
    Diagnostic
    Confusion between P. chinensis and P. scandens is possible. In flower P. chinensis is immediately recognizable by the straight, not bent, stipe and the generally larger, paler, fewer, more scattered inflorescences. Additionally, P. scandens produces solitary inflorescences whereas P. chinensis frequently produces inflorescences in pairs. Generally P. scandens has flowering shoots arising at many of the leaf axils of long pendent fertile shoots, thus there are often numerous inflorescences. By contrast, P. chinensis tends to produce flowering shoots only in the most distal leaf axils of short spreading fertile shoots, thus inflorescences are rather few. Inflorescence colours also differ; purple spathe and cream fertile spadix in P. scandens, green spathe and white to yellow fertile spadix in P. chinensis. Field observations have detected a faint sweet odour from inflorescences of P. chinensis but no detectable odour from P. scandens.
    Sterile material of P. chinensis can be difficult to differentiate from P. scandens. Generally the petioles are less than half as long as the lamina, and the lamina is twice or more as broad as the petiole, narrower and with an attenuate apex. However, variation is such that intermediates are common. A feature noted in P. chinensis, but yet to be recorded for P. scandens, is the occurrence of flagelliform foraging shoots.
    [CATE]
    Use
    The whole plant is used medicinally to treat rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injuries, fractures, coughs, and infantile malnutrition caused by intestinal parasites.
    Used fresh and applied topically on insect and animal bites [Brun et al. 502]; decoction from entire plant used in bath to treat tumours [Brun et al. 704] and drinking for anti-cough [Anderson 5572].

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    West Himalaya

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Pothos chinensis (Raf.) Merr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2001 Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Sikkim K000499191
    Aug 1, 2001 Henry, A. [11779], Yunnan K000499194 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Henry, A. [11779], Yunnan K000499195
    Aug 1, 2001 Balansa, B. [2060], Vietnam K000291893 syntype
    Aug 1, 2001 Champion, J.G. [s.n.], Hong Kong K000950207 holotype
    Boyce, P.C. [983], Thailand 59590.000
    Boyce, P.C. [1149], Vietnam 63241.004
    Boyce, P.C. [1164], Vietnam 63241.005
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] Pothos cathcartii K001132596

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Arnold Arbor. 29: 210 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Boyce, P.C. (2009). A review of Pothos L. (Araceae: Pothoideae: Pothoeae) for Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 37: 15-26.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ara, H. (2001). An Annotated Checklist of Aroids of Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 19-34.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Ara, H. (2001). An Annotated Checklist of Aroids of Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 19-34.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0