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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Pothos L.
      1. Pothos scandens L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Indian Ocean, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Widespread from Madagascar, through India and the Himalaya to SW China, south through Indochina. In Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatera (in Sumatera only known from P. Simeulue), Borneo (Brunei and Sabah) and the Philippines.
    Habitat
    On trees and rocks in primary and secondary wet to dry lowland to hill evergreen tropical to subtropical forest, occasionally on sea cliffs, in hedges or scrub or in coconut plantations, on a variety of substrates including clay, limestone and granite. Rain forests, monsoon rain forests, mountain or river terraces, creeping on trees or on rocks.
    General Description
    Slender to moderately robust, homeophyllous, root-climbing liane. Shoot system well differentiated into adherent, non-flowering and free, often greatly elongated, lateral flowering branches; eocaul not observed; seedling with leaves congested, subshingling but not different in shape to those of adult shoots. LEAVES bright to deepgreen adaxially, paler abaxially, drying dull green to brownish; petiole 2-14 × 0.5-2 cm, lamina-like, obovate-oblong to linear-oblong, base decurrent, apex truncate, rounded or auriculate; blade 2-10 × 3-14 cm, ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, base rounded to acute, apex attenuate-mucronate; primary lateral veins arising at 20-45°, intramarginal veins 2 per side. INFLORESCENCE solitary in the axils of middle and distal leaves, borne on condensed shoots bearing a minute prophyll and a few 3-10 mm long (sequentially longer) cataphylls; peduncle 3-15 × 0.5-2 mm, slender, erect to spreading, green to purple-tinged. Spathe 4-8 × 4-7 mm, ovate, concave, margins variously inrolled, base short or somewhat long-clawed, apex rounded to acute with a tiny rather stout mucro, greenish to maroon. Spadix stipitate; stipe 5-10 × c. 1 mm, erect, the distal part erect to bent through 270°, greenish to maroon; fertile portion 4-10 × 3.5–10 mm, globose or ovoid to subclavate, yellow-green to off-white. Flowers c. 1-2 mm diam.; tepals 6, free; stamens 6. INFRUCTESCENCE with 1-5 berries; fruit 10-17.5 × 10-14 mm, obclavate, midgreen ripening to deep scarlet; seeds c. 3-6 mm diam., ellipsoid to compressedglobose. Lianas, medium sized to rather large, to 6m. Stems weakly 4-angled or subterete, to 10 mm in diam. Leaves paler abaxially, bright to deep green adaxially; petiole obovate-oblong to linear-oblong, 20–140 × 5–20mm, broadly winged, base decurrent, apex truncate, rounded, or auriculate; each side with 2 or 3 secondary veins and numerous veinlets; leaf blade ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, 2–10 × 3–14cm, base rounded to acute, apex attenuate-mucronate; each side with 2 intramarginal veins arising from base and either reaching leaf tip or merging into a prominent submarginal collecting vein, all additional veins arising obliquely from midrib. Flowering shoot much abbreviated, arising from most of mid- to distal leaf axils of fertile shoots, bearing a minute prophyll and a few cataphylls 3–10mm, sequentially longer. Inflorescence solitary; peduncle erect to spreading, green to purple tinged, 3–15 × 0.5–2mm, slender. Spathe greenish to maroon, ovate, concave, 4–8 × 4–7mm, base short or somewhat long clawed, margins variously in rolled, apex rounded to acute with a tiny, rather stout mucro. Spadix stipitate; stipe erect, greenish to maroon, terete in cross section, 5–10 × ca. 1mm, distally erect to bent through 270°; fertile zone yellow-green to off-white, globose or ovoid to subclavate, 4–10 × 3.5–10mm. Flowers 1–2mm in diam. Infructescence with 1–5 berries. Fruit mid-green, ripening to deep scarlet, obclavate, 10–17.5 × 10–14mm.
    Vernacular
    tang lang die da
    Phenology
    Fl. and fr. throughout year.
    Diagnostic
    Pothos scandens is unmistakable in its typical aspect, carrying rather small inflorescences on bent peduncles. However, the species is highly variable. Some populations comprise high-climbing plants bearing tiny inflorescences (Beusekom & Smitinand 2150, Geesink et al. 7250, Larsen et al. 44267 and Smitinand 2959 are representative of this element). Other populations (collections include e.g. Phusomsaeng 188, Larsen 9524, Kasin 366) produce rather large inflorescences not exhibiting the bent peduncle until very late anthesis or during early infructescence development.
    [CATE]
    Use
    This plant is used medicinally in Yunnan for treating traumatic injuries and rheumatic arthralgia. The leaves are used as tea by the Dai ethnic minority.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Nepal, Réunion

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, Comoros, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Pothos scandens L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2001 Griffith [5942] K000291890 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Cuming, H. [682], Philippines K000291831 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Cuming, H. [682], Philippines K000291832 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Helfer [5942] K000291889 isotype
    Aug 1, 2001 Helfer [5942] K000291891 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Helfer [5944] K000291892 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Helfer [5944] K000291888 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Motley, J. [1194], Kalimantan K000291900 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Motley, J. [1194], Kalimantan K000291901 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Motley, J. [1194], Kalimantan K000291899 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Jawa K000291897 syntype
    Aug 1, 2001 Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Jawa K000291898 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 2001 Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka K000499188 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1980 Stocks, J.E. [n.s.], India K000499192
    Jul 1, 1970 Hidebrandt, J.M. [3260], Madagascar K000499395
    19158.000
    49927.000
    Bogner, J. [156], Madagascar 34034.000
    Bogner [156] 29047.134
    Bogner [156] 58127.000
    Boyce, P.C. [1253], Thailand 63386.000
    Boyce, P.C. [1284], Vietnam 63622.000
    Boyce, P.C. [1385], Bangladesh 63861.000
    Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka K000499189 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4435], Nepal K001038993
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4435], Myanmar K001038994
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4435], Myanmar K001038995
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 4435], Myanmar K001038996
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 4435] K001038992
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4435] K001038988
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4435], Sri Lanka K001038989
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4435], Sri Lanka K001038990
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4435] K001038991
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Meghalaya Pothos cognatus K000499193

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 968 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Bhattacharya, R.P., Pal, D.C. & Pati, B.R. (2014). A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324.
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
    • Kurniawan, A., Adjie, B. & Boyce, P.C. (2011). Studies on the Araceae of Sulawesi I: New taxa of Schismatoglottis and Homalomena, and a preliminary checklist and keys for Sulawesi Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 40-50.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Boyce, P.C. (2009). A review of Pothos L. (Araceae: Pothoideae: Pothoeae) for Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 37: 15-26.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ara, H. (2001). An Annotated Checklist of Aroids of Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 19-34.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Ara, H. (2001). An Annotated Checklist of Aroids of Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 19-34.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/