1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Erythrocephalum Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Anthers
    Anther bases produced into oblong fimbriate or ciliolate tails.
    Style
    Styles deeply 2-fid, branch apices shortly conical with a sub-distal fringe of hairs.
    Fruits
    Achenes doliform-cylindric, c. 5-angled or ribbed, usually with a ± swollen or lobed cartilaginous carpopodium at the base, minutely puberulous or glabrous; pappus of 4–5 caducous barbellate setae.
    Habit
    Annual herbs, or suffrutices with annual stems from woody rootstocks.
    Indumentum
    Vegetative indumentum of appressed fine ± matted hairs usually intermixed with large patent many-celled uniseriate hairs each bearing a fine filamentous terminal cell.
    Stem
    Stems 1-several, simple or branching near the apex, araneose-lanate to coarsely pubescent Leaves alternate, semi-amplexicaul, usually discolorous, indumentum as for stem but denser on the lower surface, sometimes ± scabrid.
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous and discoid or heterogamous with inner florets regular and outer florets bilabiate-radiate, 1-many, solitary and terminal on stem and branches.
    Involucre
    Involucres ± broadly campanulate, ± truncate at the base.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries many-seriate, appressed imbricate, the innermost grading into the paleae of the common receptacle, fimbriate-denticulate on the margins or sometimes denticulate about the apex only; apices sometimes long caudate, or in inner phyllaries expanded ovate and appendage-like.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle paleate.
    Florets
    Ray-florets when present functionally male, with deep-red bilabiate-radiate corollas, outer lip (ray) large 3-fid, inner lip shorter consisting of 2 linear lobes. Disk-florets deep-red or creamy-white, occasionally orange-tinged, hermaphrodite and actinomorphic, abruptly dilated into a deeply lobed limb, lobes erect linear.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial or rarely annual herbs with leafy stems, or scapose and the leaves all basal
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate or sessile with a petioloid base, pinnately veined, mostly serrulate
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary, few, terminal on the inflorescence branches, sometimes precocious, at first erect, homogamous and discoid or apparently radiate with unequally bilabiate outer florets, these sometimes female-sterile and the capitula heterogamous; phyllaries few-seriate, closely imbricate, the outer laciniate-dentate, the inner entire except at the apices and passing into the receptacle-scales; receptacle mamillate, scaly
    Florets
    Florets all hermaphrodite, all regular or the outer unequally bilabiate and sometimes functionally male; corolla narrowly tubular below, in bilabiate florets with broad deeply 3-toothed or 3-lobed ray-like outer lip and shorter inner lip narrowly 2-lobed to the base, in regular florets narrow in lower half, dilated, campanulate and deeply 5-lobed above; anthers strongly tailed, tails conspicuous, fringed; style branches short to long, obtuse, with a subapical dorsal fringe of hairs
    Fruits
    Achenes all similar or those of the ray florets abortive, the fertile achenes inflated, cylindrical, 5-angular, obtusely ribbed on the angles; pappus of a few very caducous flattened barbellate bristles, whitish or tawny.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Erythrocephalum Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl. 2(1): 488 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Wild in Kirkia 8: 173 (1972).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull.21, 2: 201 (1967).
    • in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2: 488 (1873).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 99 (1994)
    • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 21: 201 (1967)
    • in G.P. 2: 488 (1873)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0