1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Erythrocephalum Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.


    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Anther bases produced into oblong fimbriate or ciliolate tails.
    Styles deeply 2-fid, branch apices shortly conical with a sub-distal fringe of hairs.
    Achenes doliform-cylindric, c. 5-angled or ribbed, usually with a ± swollen or lobed cartilaginous carpopodium at the base, minutely puberulous or glabrous; pappus of 4–5 caducous barbellate setae.
    Annual herbs, or suffrutices with annual stems from woody rootstocks.
    Vegetative indumentum of appressed fine ± matted hairs usually intermixed with large patent many-celled uniseriate hairs each bearing a fine filamentous terminal cell.
    Stems 1-several, simple or branching near the apex, araneose-lanate to coarsely pubescent Leaves alternate, semi-amplexicaul, usually discolorous, indumentum as for stem but denser on the lower surface, sometimes ± scabrid.
    Capitula homogamous and discoid or heterogamous with inner florets regular and outer florets bilabiate-radiate, 1-many, solitary and terminal on stem and branches.
    Involucres ± broadly campanulate, ± truncate at the base.
    Phyllaries many-seriate, appressed imbricate, the innermost grading into the paleae of the common receptacle, fimbriate-denticulate on the margins or sometimes denticulate about the apex only; apices sometimes long caudate, or in inner phyllaries expanded ovate and appendage-like.
    Receptacle paleate.
    Ray-florets when present functionally male, with deep-red bilabiate-radiate corollas, outer lip (ray) large 3-fid, inner lip shorter consisting of 2 linear lobes. Disk-florets deep-red or creamy-white, occasionally orange-tinged, hermaphrodite and actinomorphic, abruptly dilated into a deeply lobed limb, lobes erect linear.

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Perennial or rarely annual herbs with leafy stems, or scapose and the leaves all basal
    Leaves alternate, petiolate or sessile with a petioloid base, pinnately veined, mostly serrulate
    Capitula solitary, few, terminal on the inflorescence branches, sometimes precocious, at first erect, homogamous and discoid or apparently radiate with unequally bilabiate outer florets, these sometimes female-sterile and the capitula heterogamous; phyllaries few-seriate, closely imbricate, the outer laciniate-dentate, the inner entire except at the apices and passing into the receptacle-scales; receptacle mamillate, scaly
    Florets all hermaphrodite, all regular or the outer unequally bilabiate and sometimes functionally male; corolla narrowly tubular below, in bilabiate florets with broad deeply 3-toothed or 3-lobed ray-like outer lip and shorter inner lip narrowly 2-lobed to the base, in regular florets narrow in lower half, dilated, campanulate and deeply 5-lobed above; anthers strongly tailed, tails conspicuous, fringed; style branches short to long, obtuse, with a subapical dorsal fringe of hairs
    Achenes all similar or those of the ray florets abortive, the fertile achenes inflated, cylindrical, 5-angular, obtusely ribbed on the angles; pappus of a few very caducous flattened barbellate bristles, whitish or tawny.



    Native to:

    Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Erythrocephalum Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl. 2(1): 488 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Wild in Kirkia 8: 173 (1972).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull.21, 2: 201 (1967).
    • in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2: 488 (1873).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 99 (1994)
    • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 21: 201 (1967)
    • in G.P. 2: 488 (1873)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0