1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Ethulia L.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial herbs with branching erect or decumbent stems, or stems somewhat strict; sometimes rhizomatous.
    Indumentum
    Vegetative indumentum of short-stalked flagelliform hairs, or hairs short-stalked ± 1-armed T-shaped.
    Stem
    Stems ribbed, leafy, often becoming woody below and with a pith in the upper part.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sometimes opposite on the lower stem, subsessile (shortly petiolate in some Asian species), broadly-to linear-lanceolate, lamina pubescent to glabrescent, glandular-punctate.
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous, small or very small, numerous, corymbiformly cymose sometimes subscorpioidly cymose.
    Involucre
    Involucres short, campanulate, cyathiform or subglobose; phyllaries imbricate.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle flat, naked.
    Florets
    Florets 5–100 per capitulum; corollas purple, mauve, pink or whitish in upper part, limb regularly deeply 5-lobed, ± funnel-shaped and tapering into a short tube below, or limb subcylindric and ± abruptly contracted into a short tubular lower part, glandular, lobes without apical hairs.
    Anthers
    Anthers with an apical ovate-lanceolate appendage and short obtuse basal auricles.
    Style
    Style arms stout, subulate, hairy.
    Fruits
    Achenes ± equalling the involucre in length, subcylindric to turbinate or tapering obpyramidal, strongly 2–6-ribbed, the ribs confluent with a pale apical rim about a ± cup-shaped depression, or apical rim-tissue expanded laterally and the achene apex truncate with a prominent lateral edge, the faces between the ribs ± flat with few to numerous unicellular glandular trichomes.
    Seeds
    Pappus absent, though apical rim sometimes produced into a pappus-like structure.
    Cytology
    n=10, 20.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
     Annual or less often perennial herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sometimes proximally opposite, subsessile (in ours), linear or lanceolate, glandular-punctate; indument of simple multicellular and globose glandular hairs
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous, small, in corymbose inflorescences, sometimes somewhat scorpioid simple or compound cymes; involucres short; phyllaries (2-)3-4-seriate, imbricate; receptacle flat, naked
    Florets
    Florets white, pink or purplish, much exserted from the involucre, tube with a short tubular proximal part, distally widening gradually or widening into a cylindric part, glandular, lobes 5; anthers with short basal auricles and a distal ovate-lanceolate appendage; style branches stout, subulate, hairy
    Fruits
    Achenes more or less turbinate, especially the outer often curved and sometimes subcompressed, 2-6-angled and ribbed, glandular between the ribs, otherwise usually glabrous, truncate, crowned with an obscure to shortly tubular and irregularly toothed cartilaginous apical rim, cup or tubular cup contiguous with the ribs; pappus absent, or rarely a short corona.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Congo, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sinai, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    New South Wales, Thailand

    Ethulia L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Dec. Pl. Hort. Upsal.: 1 (1762)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 262.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull.43: 267–270 (1988).
    • M.G. Gilbert & C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull.43: 165–193 (1988).
    • Wild & G.V. Pope in Kirkia 10: 324, 360 (1977).
    • Decas Prima Pl. Rar. Horti Upsal.: 1 (1762).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 220 (1994)
    • M.G. Gilbert in K.B. 43: 167 (1988)
    • Decas Prima Pl. Rar. Horti Upsal.: 1 (1762)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0