1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia fissistyla Vollesen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Deciduous, dioecious, erect or scandent shrub to ± 4 m. tall; young branches 4-angled, with dense yellowish white velvety indumentum interspersed with scattered long hairs, becoming rounded, pale brown, glabrous and with scattered lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly elliptic, obovate, round or transversely elliptic, 4.5–15.5 cm. long, 3.5–14 cm. wide, rounded to retuse at the apex but with a central broad short acumen, attenuate, truncate or subcordate at the base, the margin coarsely irregularly toothed but less so towards the base, densely velvety with similar indumentum to branches when young, becoming less hairy with age, sparsely pilose above but still ± velvety beneath; venation raised and reticulate beneath; petiole 0.8–10.5 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a few-flowered (5–10 or up to 50 on sucker shoots) terminal panicle of indistinctly scorpioid cymes; peduncle 0.6–1.2 cm. long, elongating in fruit; cyme-branches similar; pedicels obsolete; all axes with indumentum similar to that of young branches.
    Male
    Male flowers:calyx funnel-shaped, 4–8 mm. long with 3–4 triangular acute teeth 2–5 mm. long, longitudinally ribbed outside, densely whitish velvety outside, densely sericeous inside with glossy hairs; corolla yellowish white, tube funnel-shaped, longitudinally ribbed, particularly at base, 0.9–1.3 cm. long; lobes 5–6, triangular, 3–5 mm. long, 5 mm. wide; stamens 5–6; free part of filaments 5 mm. long, adnate part hairy; rudimentary ovary absent.
    Flowers
    Female flowers:calyx urceolate, 1.2–2 cm. long, with 3–4 triangular acute 3–5 mm. long teeth, with similar indumentum to ♂ flowers; corolla same colour as ♂, funnel-shaped with inflated base, 1.2–1.6 cm. long, obscurely ribbed; lobes 5–7, triangular, 4–5 mm. long and wide; sterile stamens up to 7, with empty anthers, otherwise as in ♂; ovary ovoid, ± 1 cm. long including a ± 2 mm. long beak, silky, with 4 free styles or rarely fused in pairs for 1–2 mm, ± 1 cm. long including the 6 mm. long stigmas. Male flowers:calyx funnel-shaped, 4–8 mm. long with 3–4 triangular acute teeth 2–5 mm. long, longitudinally ribbed outside, densely whitish velvety outside, densely sericeous inside with glossy hairs; corolla yellowish white, tube funnel-shaped, longitudinally ribbed, particularly at base, 0.9–1.3 cm. long; lobes 5–6, triangular, 3–5 mm. long, 5 mm. wide; stamens 5–6; free part of filaments 5 mm. long, adnate part hairy; rudimentary ovary absent.
    Female
    Female flowers:calyx urceolate, 1.2–2 cm. long, with 3–4 triangular acute 3–5 mm. long teeth, with similar indumentum to ♂ flowers; corolla same colour as ♂, funnel-shaped with inflated base, 1.2–1.6 cm. long, obscurely ribbed; lobes 5–7, triangular, 4–5 mm. long and wide; sterile stamens up to 7, with empty anthers, otherwise as in ♂; ovary ovoid, ± 1 cm. long including a ± 2 mm. long beak, silky, with 4 free styles or rarely fused in pairs for 1–2 mm, ± 1 cm. long including the 6 mm. long stigmas.
    Fruits
    Fruit brown, ellipsoid, 2.5–3 cm. long, glabrous save for apical 5 mm. and the beak; cupuliform fruiting calyx 1.8–2.4 cm. long, distinctly reticulately nerved, ± velvety.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/5, p. 8.
    Habitat
    On old termite mounds with dense thicket and some trees, at edges of temporary water-holes and at edges of riverine thickets, always on very alkaline soil; 100–125 m.
    Distribution
    T8 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Cordia fissistyla Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Vollesen, K. [MRC 2283], Tanzania K000418662 isotype

    First published in Nordic J. Bot. 1: 325 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Nordic Journ. Bot. 1: 325, fig. 1 (1981).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0