1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Euphorbia L.
      1. Euphorbia actinoclada S.Carter

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to N. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Tufted succulent perennial with a thick fleshy root and main stem to 5 cm. high and 2 cm. in diameter, the apex just above ground-level; branches produced successively from the apical growing-point, erect then spreading, to 15 cm. long, usually shorter, 1 cm. thick, cylindrical, seldom rebranched, dark green with lighter longitudinal stripes and shallow teeth to 1.5 cm. apart in 5 longitudinal series.
    Spines
    Spinescence greyish brown; spine-shields longitudinal, to 9 × 1.5 mm., decurrent to 8 mm.; spines single to 2 cm. long; prickles to 2.5 mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves deltoid, 1 × 1 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes solitary, 1-forked, with peduncle and cyme-branches 1 mm. long; bracts oblong, ± 1.75 × 1 mm.
    Cyathia
    Cyathia ± 2 × 4 mm., with funnel-shaped involucres; glands transversely rectangular, ± 1 × 1.75 mm., contiguous, reddish; lobes subcircular, ± 1.25 mm. in diameter, deeply toothed.
    Flowers
    Male flowers:bracteoles few, fan-shaped, deeply dentate; stamens 3.5 mm. long. Female flower:ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 1.75 mm. long, joined at the base, with thickened rugose apices.
    Male
    Male flowers:bracteoles few, fan-shaped, deeply dentate; stamens 3.5 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flower:ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 1.75 mm. long, joined at the base, with thickened rugose apices.
    Fruits
    Capsule and seeds not seen.
    Habitat
    Gravelly slopes with sparse deciduous bushland; 650–900 m.
    Distribution
    K1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya

    Euphorbia actinoclada S.Carter appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillett, J.B. [12631], Kenya 2612.000 holotype
    Gillett, J.B. [12631], Kenya K000253034 holotype
    Ash [1875], Ethiopia 35539.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [9443], Somalia 4135.000
    Friis, I. [2775 & 2776], Ethiopia 47980.000
    Gilbert, Ethiopia 43328.000

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 39: t. 3851 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • S. Carter in Hook., Ic. Pl. 39, t. 3851 (1982).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0