1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
      1. Phyllostachys incarnata T.H.Wen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Fujian, Zhejiang).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 400-500 cm long; 30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes semiterete; thin-walled; 18 cm long; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths coriaceous; glabrous; auriculate; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 2 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; reflexed. Leaves cauline; 4-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-10 cm long; 10-14 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 22 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 18 mm long; chartaceous. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Wen 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China Southeast

    Phyllostachys incarnata T.H.Wen appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 2(1): 65 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0