1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia acalyphoides Radcl.-Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Uzaramo).

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A perennial, monoecious, puberulous and pubescent weakly or non-urticating climbing herb up to 3 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Petiole 0.4–1.7 cm. long; blade lanceolate, 4–5 cm. long, 1–2 cm. wide, acute or shortly acutely acuminate, shallowly cordate, serrate, membranaceous, 5(–7)-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 5–6 pairs, not prominent above and scarcely so beneath, sparingly adpressed pubescent above, sparingly puberulous beneath, and evenly pubescent along the midrib and main nerves both above and beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, acute, sparingly pubescent to subglabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leaf-opposed, 2.5–3.5 cm. long, the peduncles 2–3 mm. long, robust, densely flowered, ♂ in the upper half, with 4–6 ♀ flowers below; axis densely pubescent; ♂ bracts ovate, 2 mm. long, acute, entire, pubescent without, glabrous within, 1-flowered; bracteoles lanceolate, 1.5 mm. long; ♀ bracts 4 mm. long, and bracteoles 2.5 mm. long, otherwise as in ♂.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 1.5 mm. long, pubescent; buds subglobose; calyx-lobes broadly ovate-suborbicular, ± 2 mm. long and wide, minutely apiculate and cucullate, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous within, green; stamens 0.5 mm. long, filaments short and thick, anthers 0.7 mm. wide; pistillode trifid, flat, its segments dilated at the apex.
    Flowers
    Female flowers:pedicels 1.5 mm. long, thicker than those of ♂, densely pubescent; calyx-lobes 3, 2.5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, extending to 5 mm. long and 7 mm. wide in fruit, broadly to transversely ovate in outline, with 10 narrowly lanceolate or subulate lobules on each side, and a lanceo-late terminal lobule, much shorter than the width of the rhachis, pubescent without, minutely puberulous within, the rhachis brownish when dry, the lobules greenish; ovary trigonous, 1.75 mm. diameter, densely setose; styles 3, ± 2 mm. long, united for half their length, subglabrous, the free parts patent, slightly recurved at the apex, the stigmatic surfaces rugulose. Male flowers:pedicels 1.5 mm. long, pubescent; buds subglobose; calyx-lobes broadly ovate-suborbicular, ± 2 mm. long and wide, minutely apiculate and cucullate, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous within, green; stamens 0.5 mm. long, filaments short and thick, anthers 0.7 mm. wide; pistillode trifid, flat, its segments dilated at the apex.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels 1.5 mm. long, thicker than those of ♂, densely pubescent; calyx-lobes 3, 2.5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, extending to 5 mm. long and 7 mm. wide in fruit, broadly to transversely ovate in outline, with 10 narrowly lanceolate or subulate lobules on each side, and a lanceo-late terminal lobule, much shorter than the width of the rhachis, pubescent without, minutely puberulous within, the rhachis brownish when dry, the lobules greenish; ovary trigonous, 1.75 mm. diameter, densely setose; styles 3, ± 2 mm. long, united for half their length, subglabrous, the free parts patent, slightly recurved at the apex, the stigmatic surfaces rugulose.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate, 3 mm. long, 6 mm. diameter, evenly setose.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds not known.
    Habitat
    Riverine forest and disturbed places; 120–150 m.
    Distribution
    T6 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Tragia acalyphoides Radcl.-Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 18, 1981 Wingfield, R.C. [3742A], Tanzania K000425678 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 37: 684 (1983)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A. R.-Sm. in Kew Bulletin 37: 684 (1983).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0