Skip to main content
  1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Areca L.
      1. Areca klingkangensis J.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo (Sarawak).

    Borneo, Sarawak, 1st Division, known only from the type collection.
    General Description
    Erect, solitary, undergrowth palmlet. Stem to 2 m tall, c. 7-10 mm diam.; internodes green, 2.5-6 cm long, bearing scattered dull brown scales; nodal scars c. 3 mm wide. Crownshaft well-defined, pale green drying dull brown- ish, c. 25 x 1.5 cm, only slightly swollen; leafsheaths neatly abscissing, c. 10 cm long, longitudinally striate, bearing scattered dark brown scales; ligule c. 3 mm long, soon tattering and becoming lost. Leaf pinnate, excluding sheath to c. 55 cm, including petiole to 12 x 0.3 cm; leaflets 3-6 on each side of the rachis, distant, stiff, very coriaceous, narrow, 1-3-ribbed, concolorous, drying mid-brown, 22-40 x 0.7-1.7 cm, the longest near the base, the shor- test at the apex, acuminate except for the apical pair where tip minutely lobed; minute brown scales present on both surfaces, more abundant abaxially. Inflorescence infrafoliar, branching to 1 order, short, not exceeding c. 8 cm long, usually shorter; prophyll winged, c. 8 x 2 cm or less, bearing scattered scales; peduncle very short, c. 15 mm long, 5 mm wide just above the winged base; rachillae divergent, usually 3 only, to c. 6 cm long, c. 4 mm diam. at the base, tapering to the tip, bright reddish tinged, bearing abun- dant persistent low blackish scales, and sparse, caducous, chaffy hairs; triads rarely more than 2-3 at the base of each rachilla, the rachillae otherwise bearing spirally arranged paired or solitary staminate flowers. Staminate flower irregularly angled, markedly stipitate, especially those of the triads; stipitate base of calyx 0.5-2.5 x 1 mm, angled, glabrous, calyx lobes low c. 0.7 x 1 mm triangular, the margins smooth; petals valvate, glabrous broadly triangular, c. 2.5-3.5 X 1-1.5 mm; stamens 9, slightly irregular, borne on very short or obsolete filaments, anthers 1.8-2 x 0.5-0.6 mm, latrorse; pistillode lacking. Pistillate flower sessile; sepals 3, free c. 5.5 x 3.5 mm, imbricate, cucullate, sparsely hairy along the strong keel, minutely ciliate along margins; petals 3, imbricate, ovate, c. 4.5 x 5 mm, ciliate; staminodes 6, minute; ovary ± conical in bud, c. 2.5 mm diam. at base, tipped with 3 fleshy, angled stigmas. Young fruit greenish tinged; mature fruit known only in mummified condition, fusiform, 26 x 5 mm.
    I discovered this species growing in very wet mossy forest developed on an eroded sandstone block summit at c. 700 m altitude; for an account of its discovery see Dransfield (1982).
    inter species maiores sectionis Microarecae propter florem staminatum stipitatum A. abdulrahmanii et A. ander- sonii affinis sed staminibus 9 vice c. 16 vel 6 distincta.



    Other Data

    Areca klingkangensis J.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dransfield, J. [6103], Borneo 44357.000 holotype
    Dransfield, J. [JD6103], Malaysia K000208000 holotype


    First published in Kew Bull. 39: 15 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • J. Dransfield, The genus Areca (Palmae: Arecoideae) in Borneo. 1984


    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License