Skip to main content
  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora boranensis Vollesen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & SE. Ethiopia to N. Kenya.


    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Unarmed shrubs or trees up to 6 m. tall; trunk cylindrical, not straight; outer bark peeling in strong blackish scrolls from the copper-coloured very tough under-bark; slash red or pinkish; exudate colourless, very aromatic; young twigs slender, 0.5–1.0 mm. in diameter, almost glabrous or puberulous, yellowish or reddish brown, becoming grey.
    Leaves 3–5-foliolate, glabrous or crisped-puberulous beneath, subglabrous above but the midrib nearly always crisped-puberulous; petiole 5–25(–35) mm. long, crisped-puberulous, sometimes narrowly winged near the top, as is the rhachis in 5-foliolate leaves; leaflets elliptic to slightly obovate, crenate or crenate-serrate or rarely subentire, broadly acute, rounded or emarginate apically, the laterals ± rounded below, sessile or on petiolules up to 2 mm. long, 4–22 mm. long, 3–16 mm. wide; the terminal attenuate below into a petiolule (extension of rhachis) which maybe up to 10 mm. long, 7–25 mm. long, 5–15(–20) mm. wide.
    Flowers usually precocious, brownish yellow, glabrous, the ♂ clustered 6–8 together in glabrous brownish cymes ± 3 mm. long, with paired oval bracteoles ± 1 mm. long united below to form cups; ♀ single or in pairs on stalks ± 1 mm. long.
    Calyx ± 1.7 mm. broad and 1.3 mm. deep including broad teeth ± 0.3 mm. long.
    Petals elliptic-linear, ± 2 × 1 mm., recurved at the tip.
    Filaments 1.5 and 1.4 mm., anthers 0.6 and 0.5 mm., the stamens thus appearing subequal; staminodes in ♀ flowers ± 1 mm. long.
    Ovary and style each 1 mm.
    Fruit-stalk 1–3 mm. long; drupe reddish brown marked with 4 pale streaks, ovoid-ellipsoid, apiculate, 6–8 × 5–6 × (1.5 + 3) mm.; pericarp 4-valved; pseudaril very thin and obscure covering most of the stone, which is ± smooth and measures 5–6 × 4–5 × (0.5 + 1.5) mm.; the sterile locule narrowly oblong, ± 1.6 mm. wide.
    Fig. 15/11, 12, p. 82.
    Acacia, Commiphora bushland; 230–1300 m.; rainfall 250–350 mm.



    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

    Other Data

    Commiphora boranensis Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gilbert, M.G. [7811], Ethiopia K000425329 Unknown type material


    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 64 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 475 fig. 123.17 (1990).
    • Vollesen in Kew Bulletin 40: 64, fig. 11 (1985)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.