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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora confusa Vollesen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan, S. Ethiopia to NE. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Spiny, or, rarely non-spiny shrub or tree up to 5(–7) m. tall, the spines not very distinct from non-spiny shoots; trunk cylindrical; bark yellowish or brown, peeling tardily in small irregular papery flakes, greenish beneath; slash pink to dark red; old twigs dark grey or almost black, glabrous, young twigs brown, pubescent; exudate sparse, colourless or milky, not scented.
    Leaves
    Leaves all 3-foliolate, pale yellowish green, becoming yellow when old, hispidulous; petiole 2–20 mm. long; terminal leaflet often rather bullate, usually narrowly obovate, less often broadly elliptic or suborbicular, 5–45 mm. long, 3–25 mm. wide, crenate-serrate with ± 15 small teeth and ± 5 principal lateral veins on each side; lateral leaflets broadly elliptic or orbicular, crenate-serrate, with 2–3 teeth on each side, ± 1/6–1/3 as long as the terminal leaflet.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, appearing with the leaves in dense clusters. Male flowers up to 12 together in each cluster; peduncle 0.1 mm.; pedicels 1–3 mm.; calyx including the 0.5 mm. triangular lobes 2–3 mm. long, all puberulent; petals 4–5 mm. long, appressed pilose along the midrib outside; filaments ± 3.5 and 2.5, anthers ± 0.75 and 0.5 mm. long; disc pilose. Female flowers solitary or 2–3(–6) together; pedicels 0.5–2 mm.; calyx ± 1.5 mm., both puberulous; petals ± 2 mm., reflexed; style and ovary ± 2 mm. long, the latter sparsely pilose.
    Male
    Male flowers up to 12 together in each cluster; peduncle 0.1 mm.; pedicels 1–3 mm.; calyx including the 0.5 mm. triangular lobes 2–3 mm. long, all puberulent; petals 4–5 mm. long, appressed pilose along the midrib outside; filaments ± 3.5 and 2.5, anthers ± 0.75 and 0.5 mm. long; disc pilose.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary or 2–3(–6) together; pedicels 0.5–2 mm.; calyx ± 1.5 mm., both puberulous; petals ± 2 mm., reflexed; style and ovary ± 2 mm. long, the latter sparsely pilose.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose or ellipsoid, 8–10 × 7–8 × (2 + 3.5) mm., glabrous, sparsely pilose or with scattered tufts of hair; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril with 4 broad irregular lobes, the facial (sometimes with detached portions) ± half as long as the putamen, the sutural reaching its tip; stone corrugated, ellipsoid, obovoid or subglobose, 5–7 × 4–6 × (1.5 + 3) mm.; sterile locule ± flat or slightly ridged.
    Figures
    Fig. 13/14–22, p.72.
    Habitat
    Acacia, Commiphora bushland; 150–1300 m.; rainfall 300–700 mm.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania

    Other Data

    Commiphora confusa Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 27, 1984 Friis, I. [2729], Ethiopia K000199685 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 54 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 462 (1990).
    • Vollesen in Kew Bulletin 40: 54, fig. 7 (1985)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0