1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora corrugata J.B.Gillett & Vollesen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & SE. Ethiopia to N. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Unarmed shrub or small tree up to 5 m. tall; branches stout, diverging at wide angles; bark grey, smooth or rough, often transversely folded, becoming reticulately fissured on old trunks; slash salmon-coloured, somewhat striped; exudate colourless in twigs, milky and very resinous in trunks; young twigs densely tomentose, yellowish brown, becoming blackish, slightly ridged, 2–5 mm. in diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves (1–)3–5(–7)-foliolate, tomentose or lanate, very densely so beneath; petiole (2–)5–27 mm. long, sometimes narrowly winged distally; rhachis of pinnate leaves narrowly winged, 7–55 mm. long; leaflets crenate-serrate, often irregularly and strongly so, bullate, the vein-network very strong and prominent beneath, its interstices sunken and filled with hairs, upper surface more even; lower lateral leaflets usually elliptic-oblong, rounded at the base, up to 20 mm. long and 14 mm. wide; the 3 apical leaflets mostly obovate and pointed at the base, the central one often attenuate basally and up to 5 cm. long and 2 cm. wide; a single irregular 2–3-lobed terminal leaflet sometimes replaces the 3 apical leaflets.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, appearing with the young leaves, sessile, the ♂ flowers in fascicles up to 20, ♂ flowers single or paired; bracts triangular tomentose, up to 2 mm. long. Female flowers with 4 staminodes ± 1.5 mm. long, a pubescent ovary and a 0.5 mm. style. Male flowers with 4 stamens only, filaments 3–4 mm., anthers 1–1.5 mm. long, disc pilose; ovary replaced by a tuft of hairs.
    Calyx
    Calyx usually densely pubescent distally, sparsely so or subglabrous near the base, including the receptacle and 0.5 mm. long triangular lobes 2–3 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals linear-elliptic, pubescent outside, 3.5–5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
    Male
    Male flowers with 4 stamens only, filaments 3–4 mm., anthers 1–1.5 mm. long, disc pilose; ovary replaced by a tuft of hairs.
    Female
    Female flowers with 4 staminodes ± 1.5 mm. long, a pubescent ovary and a 0.5 mm. style.
    Fruits
    Fruit flattened-ovoid, sparsely pilose or glabrescent, 9–11 × 7–9 × (2.5 + 3.5) mm.; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril with broadly triangular facial lobes, that on the sterile locule half as long as the stone, the outer shorter; sutural lobes absent; stone lumpy, broadly flattened-ovoid to cordiform, 6–7 × 6–8 × (2 + 3) mm., the sterile locule slightly humped centrally.
    Figures
    Fig. 8/10–15, p. 52.
    Habitat
    Open Acacia, Commiphora bushland on limestone slopes, locally common; 300–780 m.; rainfall 250–350 mm.
    Distribution
    K1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

    Commiphora corrugata J.B.Gillett & Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 27, 1984 Friss [3127], Ethiopia K000425339 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 59 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 460, fig. 123.10 (1990).
    • Gillett & Vollesen in Kew Bulletin 40: 59, fig. 8 (1985).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0