1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora unilobata J.B.Gillett & Vollesen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia to E. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Unarmed little-branched shrub or small tree 1–3 m. tall; main stems with a dark green under-bark, the outer layers peeling in yellowish or dull orange sheets; slash creamy white, smooth; exudate sparse, colourless and odourless; young branches very thick, 5–15 mm. in diameter, strongly fluted, glabrous or sparsely puberulous, yellowish green or brownish at first, later grey, often beset with old persistent petioles.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous or very sparsely puberulous, up to 29 cm. long, including a petiole up to 8 cm. and a terminal leaflet up to 9 cm. on a petiolule up to 1.5 cm. long, (5–)7–9(–11)-foliolate; leaflets thin in texture, entire or dentate, with 5–6 principal lateral veins prominent beneath on each side, (20–)40–80 mm. long, 15–45 mm. wide, rounded or truncate and often oblique below, on petiolules 1–3 mm. long, acute or acuminate apically.
    Flowers
    Flowers dark red appearing with the young leaves.
    Male
    Male flowers in slender erect pale purplish puberulous panicles, (10–) 15–30 cm. long including the 4–8 cm. peduncle, side-branches up to 20(–45) mm. long; bracts narrowly triangular, up to 4 mm. long; pedicels 5–15 mm. long, often with very minute glands among the normal short indumentum; receptacle and calyx pubescent; receptacle obconical, ± 1.2 mm. deep, 1 mm. wide; calyx-tube ± 1.2 mm., lobes ovate-triangular, 1.4 mm. long; petals glabrous, linear, recurved, 4–5 mm.; filaments 5.5 and 4.0 mm.; anthers 1.5 and 1.0 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female racemes puberulous, 2–12 cm. long including a 1–6 cm. peduncle; pedicels 3–10 mm.; petals 4 mm.; staminodes 1.5 mm.; ovary and style ± 2 mm. long. Male flowers in slender erect pale purplish puberulous panicles, (10–) 15–30 cm. long including the 4–8 cm. peduncle, side-branches up to 20(–45) mm. long; bracts narrowly triangular, up to 4 mm. long; pedicels 5–15 mm. long, often with very minute glands among the normal short indumentum; receptacle and calyx pubescent; receptacle obconical, ± 1.2 mm. deep, 1 mm. wide; calyx-tube ± 1.2 mm., lobes ovate-triangular, 1.4 mm. long; petals glabrous, linear, recurved, 4–5 mm.; filaments 5.5 and 4.0 mm.; anthers 1.5 and 1.0 mm. long.
    Female
    Female racemes puberulous, 2–12 cm. long including a 1–6 cm. peduncle; pedicels 3–10 mm.; petals 4 mm.; staminodes 1.5 mm.; ovary and style ± 2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit glabrous, glossy, turgid, up to 26 × 22 × (10 + 11) mm.; pericarp 2-valved, very succulent, ± 5 mm. thick; pseudaril a basal cup extended on one side as a single very large lobe right to the top of the sterile locule; stone smooth, asymmetrically ovoid, 15 × 11 × (5 + 6) mm., the extraordinary empty thin-walled sterile locule larger above than below, over-topping the fertile locule.
    Figures
    Fig. 12/11, 12.
    Habitat
    Acacia, Commiphora open bushland, chiefly on alluvium; 70–1000 m.; rainfall 200–350 mm.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

    Commiphora unilobata J.B.Gillett & Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1983 Beckett, J.J [1582], Somalia K000425346

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 73 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 448, fig. 123.3 (1990).
    • Gillett & Vollesen in Kew Bulletin 40: 73, fig. 15, map 8 (1985).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0