1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum hildebrandtii (Hack.) Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 90-120 cm long; 2-3 -noded. Culm-internodes solid. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole. Leaf-blades 20-40 cm long; 8-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 15-25 cm long. Panicle branches pubescent. Racemes 1.5-8 cm long; bearing 10-30 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes filiform; 4-5 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled, or sessile; 1-2 in the cluster; subequal, or the upper smaller. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 0-1 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; 4-5 mm long; ciliate.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets rudimentary, or well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base truncate. Companion sterile spikelets rudimentary, or well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base truncate.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 7 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; hyaline; 2 -veined; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2 mm long; hyaline; 3 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; flexuous; 1.5-2 mm long overall. Palea 0.25-0.5 length of lemma; hyaline.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Saccharum hildebrandtii (Hack.) Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [3755], Madagascar K000244592 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 35: 818 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0