1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Breonadia Ridsdale
      1. Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I.Wood

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian. Peninsula, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Medium to large tree (1.5)3–12 m tall; bark grey, fissured and scaly; branches glabrous; heart-wood white.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of (2) 3–4; leaf blades 8–33 × 1.8–9 cm, lanceolate, subacute to slightly acuminate at the apex, narrowly cuneate at the base, glabrous, at first rather shiny on upper surface; petiole 0.8–2.5 cm long; stipule limbs ± triangular, bifid, circumscissile separating into a toothed ring.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences solitary, the head 1.5–2.5 cm in diameter; peduncles 2–9.5 cm long, puberulous with very short hairs, with 2–4 bracts just above the middle; bracts membranous often connate and calyptra-like, 0.4–1 cm long, ovate; true bracteoles 2.8–5 mm long, filiform-spathulate.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 1–2 mm long; limb-tube c. 0.5 mm long, narrowly tubular; lobes 1–2.5(4.5) × 0.5–0.6 mm, oblong, linear or triangular, pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla pinkish-green, white or yellowish-brown; tube 3–6.5 mm long, densely silky grey-pubescent outside; lobes often tinged mauve, 1–2.5 × 0.5–0.7 mm, linear, ± imbricate, pubescent outside.
    Style
    Style white, 0.9–1.45 cm long.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter green, 0.5 mm long, ellipsoid or capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit a septicidal capsule, the valves 3.5 mm long, shiny inside, pubescent outside.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.2–2.8 mm long, narrowly compressed, obovoid.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Medium to large tree (1.8–)3–21 m. tall; bark grey, fissured and scaly; branches glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3–4; leaf-blades lanceolate, 8–33 cm. long, 1.8–9 cm. wide, subacute to slightly acuminate at the apex, narrowly cuneate at the base, glabrous, at first rather shining above; petiole 0.8–2.5 cm. long; stipules ± triangular, interpetiolar, bifid, separating into a 4-toothed ring.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences solitary, the head 1.5–2.5 cm. in diameter; peduncles 2–9.5 cm. long, puberuluous with very short hairs, with 2–4 ovate membranous often connate bracts 0.4–1 cm. long just above the middle; true bracteoles filiform-spathulate, 2.8–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 1–2 mm. long with free part narrowly tubular, ± 0.5 mm. long; lobes oblong, linear or triangular, 1–2.5(–4.5) mm. long, 0.5–0.6 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla pinkish green or white or yellowish brown; tube 3–6.5 mm. long, densely silky grey-pubescent outside; lobes often tinged mauve, linear, ± imbricate, 1–2.5 mm. long, 0.5–0.7 mm. wide, pubescent outside.
    Pistil
    Style white, 0.9–1.45 cm. long; stigma green, ellipsoid or capitate, 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit a septicidal capsule, the valves 3.5 mm. long, shining inside, pubescent outside.
    Seeds
    Seeds narrowly compressed, obovoid, 2.2–2.8 mm. long, not winged.
    Figures
    Fig. 63.
    Habitat
    Gallery forest by rivers and streams often on extreme edges with its roots in water between gravel and boulders; near sea-level to 1500 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K7 P T3 T6 T7 T8 Z Mali to Cameroun, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, South Africa (Transvaal), Swaziland;
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Tree 15-50 ft. high
    Bark
    Grey fissured and scaly bark
    Leaves
    Shiny leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish
    Ecology
    Beside streams in savanna.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I.Wood appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Galpin, E.E. [1213], South Africa K000394938 Unknown type material
    Baron, R. [86], Madagascar K000033809 Unknown type material
    Timberlake, J. [5298], Mozambique K000614028
    Timberlake, J. [5179], Mozambique K000613559

    First published in Kew Bull. 36: 860 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper & Wood in Kew Bulletin 36: 860 (1982).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0