1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum foliolosum (Munro ex Hook.f.) Stieber

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending; 13-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths hispid. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 2-6 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary; shorter than basal leaves; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle contracted; oblong; 1-3 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches simple. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-2 in the cluster. Pedicels angular; unequal.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets. Floret callus evident (obliquely attached to truncate floret and deciduous); 0.1-0.2 mm long; winged; with free apical wings; these appendages 0.2-0.3 mm long; truncate.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets. Floret callus evident (obliquely attached to truncate floret and deciduous); 0.1-0.2 mm long; winged; with free apical wings; these appendages 0.2-0.3 mm long; truncate.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.7-0.8 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex caudate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex caudate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 5 -veined; caudate. Fertile lemma ovate; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Paniceae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Myanmar

    Panicum foliolosum (Munro ex Hook.f.) Stieber appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8680], Myanmar K001131192
    Wallich [8680] Yakirra foliolosa K000958833 lectotype
    Wallich [8680] Yakirra foliolosa K000958834 lectotype

    First published in Syst. Bot. 7: 113 (1982)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Yakirra foliolosa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0