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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Zingiberaceae, J.M. Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb from a short ovoid rhizome 3-5 cm. long.
Morphology Roots
Roots with fusiform tubers 3-10 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves undeveloped or developing at anthesis; lamina narrowly elliptic, 17-36 × 2-4.5 cm., apex acuminate, base narrowly cuneate, quite glabrous; false petiole absent; ligule scarious, 6-35 mm. long; sheaths sulcate, glabrous, forming a well-developed pseudostem to 70 cm. tall.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences arising at the base of the leafy shoot, 4-12-flowered, with a very short peduncle up to 2 cm. long, mostly below ground; bracts oblong, obtuse, ± 2.5 × 1 cm.; floral bracts oblong, obtuse, 3-4 × 1 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, shortly 3-lobed at the apex, 2.7-3.5(-5) cm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube 2.5-5.5 cm. long, 1-2 mm. in diameter; petals elliptic, 2.8-5.5 × 0.6-0.8 cm., whitish and translucent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Labellum mauve to purple, 3-lobed, 5-11.5 cm. long; central lobe rounded and usually deeply emarginate, with a central deep yellow mark at the base; lateral lobes broadly triangular, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen (fig. 3/4) obovate to oblong, rounded and sometimes laciniate or retuse at the apex, up to 5 cm. long; anthers 8-9 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, 5-7 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ± subterranean, subglobose, weakly 3-lobed, ± 1.5 cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± 6 × 2 mm., pale, shiny.
Habitat
Deciduous woodland, bushland and wooded grassland; 390-1830 m.
Distribution
widespread in the savanna regions of tropical Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Zimbabwe K1 K4 K7 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome 3–5 cm long, ovoid; roots with elongate tubers
Morphology Leaves
Leaves developing after flowering; blade narrowly elliptic, 17–36 x 2–4.5 cm, acuminate at the apex, narrowly cuneate at the base; sheaths sulcate, forming a well developed false stem to 70 cm tall
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 4–12-flowered, with a very short peduncle, mostly below ground; floral bracts 3–4 x 1 cm, obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2.7–3.5(–5) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube 2.5–5.5 cm long, 1–2 mm in diam.; corolla-lobes elliptic, 2.8–5.5 cm long, whitish and translucent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Labellum mauve to purple, 3-lobed, 5–11.5 cm long, the central lobe rounded and ± emarginate, with a yellow mark at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen obovate to oblong, up to 5 cm long; anthers 8–9 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ± subterranean, subglobose, ± 1.5 cm in diam. Seeds ± 6 x 2 mm, pale, shiny.
Distribution
S3; widespread in tropical Africa from Ethiopia to Senegal in the west and Zimbabwe in the south.
Ecology
Altitude c. 30 m.
Note
First record for Somalia (21 km N of Kaambooni at 1°27’S, 41°34’E).

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Siphonochilus aethiopicus (Schweinf.) B.L.Burtt appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Troupin, G. [3434], Congo, DRC 11113.000
Eggeling, W.J. [6714], Tanzania 17105.000
Wild, H. [4210], Zimbabwe 17106.000
Keay, R.W.J. [25852], Nigeria 17108.000
Bullock, A.A. [1999], Tanzania 18203.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7734], Tanzania 25981.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2717], Zambia 34719.000
Congdon [45], Tanzania 49695.000
Steudner, H. [496], Ethiopia K000099542 Unknown type material
Scheinfirth, G. [1341], Ethiopia K000099543 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [131], Central African Republic K000099544
Harris, T. [49], Mozambique K000545047
South Africa Kaempferia natalensis K000099560 Unknown type material
Wood, J.M. [1942], South Africa Kaempferia stenopetala K000308014

First published in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40: 372 (1982)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • B.L. Burtt in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 40: 372 (1982).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0