1. Family: Zingiberaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Siphonochilus J.M.Wood & Franks
      1. Siphonochilus aethiopicus (Schweinf.) B.L.Burtt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Zingiberaceae, J.M. Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Perennial herb from a short ovoid rhizome 3-5 cm. long.
    Roots
    Roots with fusiform tubers 3-10 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves undeveloped or developing at anthesis; lamina narrowly elliptic, 17-36 × 2-4.5 cm., apex acuminate, base narrowly cuneate, quite glabrous; false petiole absent; ligule scarious, 6-35 mm. long; sheaths sulcate, glabrous, forming a well-developed pseudostem to 70 cm. tall.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences arising at the base of the leafy shoot, 4-12-flowered, with a very short peduncle up to 2 cm. long, mostly below ground; bracts oblong, obtuse, ± 2.5 × 1 cm.; floral bracts oblong, obtuse, 3-4 × 1 cm.
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, shortly 3-lobed at the apex, 2.7-3.5(-5) cm. long, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube 2.5-5.5 cm. long, 1-2 mm. in diameter; petals elliptic, 2.8-5.5 × 0.6-0.8 cm., whitish and translucent.
    Labellum
    Labellum mauve to purple, 3-lobed, 5-11.5 cm. long; central lobe rounded and usually deeply emarginate, with a central deep yellow mark at the base; lateral lobes broadly triangular, obtuse.
    Stamens
    Stamen (fig. 3/4) obovate to oblong, rounded and sometimes laciniate or retuse at the apex, up to 5 cm. long; anthers 8-9 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary obovoid, 5-7 mm. long, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit ± subterranean, subglobose, weakly 3-lobed, ± 1.5 cm. in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± 6 × 2 mm., pale, shiny.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, bushland and wooded grassland; 390-1830 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in the savanna regions of tropical Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Zimbabwe K1 K4 K7 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Siphonochilus aethiopicus (Schweinf.) B.L.Burtt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7734], Tanzania 25981.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2717], Zambia 34719.000
    Wild, H. [4210], Zimbabwe 17106.000
    Troupin, G. [3434], Congo, DRC 11113.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [25852], Nigeria 17108.000
    Eggeling, W.J. [6714], Tanzania 17105.000
    Bullock, A.A. [1999], Tanzania 18203.000
    Schweinfurth, G. [131], Central African Republic K000099544
    Congdon [45], Tanzania 49695.000
    Harris, T. [49], Mozambique K000545047
    Steudner, H. [496], Ethiopia K000099542 Unknown type material
    Scheinfirth, G. [1341], Ethiopia K000099543 Unknown type material
    South Africa Kaempferia natalensis K000099560 Unknown type material
    Wood, J.M. [1942], South Africa Kaempferia stenopetala K000308014

    First published in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40: 372 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • B.L. Burtt in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 40: 372 (1982).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0