1. Family: Zingiberaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Siphonochilus J.M.Wood & Franks
      1. Siphonochilus brachystemon (K.Schum.) B.L.Burtt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Zingiberaceae, J.M. Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Perennial herb from a short rhizome.
    Roots
    Roots with subspherical tubers ± 5 mm. in diameter when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves clustered, fully developed at flowering time (but see note); lamina elliptic, glabrous, somewhat asymmetrical, acuminate, base cuneate, 16-37 × 6.5-12 cm.; false petiole 3-8 cm. long; ligule short, membranous; sheaths 6-10 cm. long; pseudostem very short or absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences arising at the base of the leafy shoots, 5-12-flowered; peduncle 0.5-4 cm. long; bracts scarious, delicate, narrowly elliptic, to 3.5 cm. long; floral bracts smaller, to 1 cm. long but delicate and usually poorly preserved; pedicels 0.5-1 (-5) cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, 2.5-6.5 cm. long, with 2 longer teeth and 1 shorter at the apex.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube 4.5-10 cm. long, 1-2 mm. in diameter; petals elliptic, acute, 2-4 × 0.5-0.8 cm., blue.
    Labellum
    Labellum blue, suborbicular in outline, deeply 3-lobed, with the central lobe itself bifid, 3-5 × 4.5-8 cm.
    Stamens
    Stamen (fig. 3/7) ± 1.5 cm. long, obovate, obtuse; anther 5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style filiform; stigma flattened, with a dorsal ridge, suborbicular.
    Ovary
    Ovary narrowly ovoid.
    Fruits
    Fruit and seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Herb layer of drier evergreen forests; 50-1070 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T4 T6 T8 U2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Siphonochilus brachystemon (K.Schum.) B.L.Burtt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    41509.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [547], Uganda 17368.000
    Wakefield [s.n.], Kenya K000099554 Unknown type material
    Kassner, T. [135], Kenya K000099555

    First published in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40: 372 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • B.L. Burtt in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 40: 372 (1982).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0