1. Family: Zingiberaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Siphonochilus J.M.Wood & Franks
      1. Siphonochilus kirkii (Hook.f.) B.L.Burtt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central African Republic to Sudan and Caprivi Strip.

    [FTEA]

    Zingiberaceae, J.M. Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Perennial herb from a short thick rhizome.
    Roots
    Roots with tuberous swellings towards the apex, to 2.5 × 0.8 cm.
    Leaves
    Leaves fully developed or developing at the time of flowering; lamina glabrous, ovate to elliptic, acuminate, 17-31 × 5.5-10 cm., gradually tapering at the base into a false petiole up to 25 cm. long (including the leaf-sheath); ligule obsolete; sheaths sulcate when dry; pseudostem very short or absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences arising at the base of the leafy shoot, 7-15(-20)-flowered; peduncle 20-35 cm. long, terete, glabrous; bracts 3-4, greenish, oblong, rounded, emarginate, up to 6 × 1.5 cm., floral bracts greenish, oblong to narrowly obovate, obtuse, the lower up to 6.5 × 2 cm., the upper very much smaller, to 2.2 × 1.2 cm.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 8-15 mm. long, not markedly accrescent in fruit, shallowly 3-lobed, each lobe with a subterminal subulate projection ± 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube ± 8 mm. long; petals narrowly obovate to narrowly oblong, acute, 2.2-2.6 cm. long, whitish, tinged with green or mauve.
    Labellum
    Labellum 3-lobed, the lateral lobes rhomboid, mauve, ± 3 × 2 cm., the median broadly spathulate, emarginate, ± 4.5 × 4.5 cm., mauve with a central yellow mark with or without a dark purple mark on each side.
    Ovary
    Ovary ± 6 mm. long, trigonous.
    Fruits
    Fruit obovoid, trigonous, winged at the angles, up to at least 2.5 cm. long but fully mature fruit and mature seeds not seen.
    Figures
    Figs. 3/5, 6 and 4.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, wooded grassland, seasonal and riverine forest and scrub; 0-1350 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3
    [FTEA]

    Zingiberaceae, J.M. Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Perennial herb from a short thick rhizome.
    Roots
    Roots with tuberous swellings towards the apex, 1-4.5 × 0.8-1 cm.
    Leaves
    Leaves undeveloped or partially developed at time of flowering; lamina glabrous, narrowly elliptic, 20-31 × 5.5-7 cm., acuminate, gradually tapering at the base into a false petiole up to 22 cm. long (including the leaf-sheath); ligule obsolete; sheaths sulcate when dry, sometimes forming a short pseudostem.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence arising at the base of the leafy shoot, 3-10-flowered; peduncle 15-50 cm. long, terete, glabrous; bracts usually 3, brownish, oblong, apex rounded, up to 9 × 1.5 cm.; floral bracts brownish, elliptic to narrowly obovate, acute or obtuse, the lower up to 6 × 2 cm., the upper very much smaller, to 3 × 1.5 cm.; pedicels 0.5-2.5 cm., somewhat accrescent in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 10-13 mm. long, accrescent in fruit and reaching at least 16 mm. long, shallowly 3-lobed, each obtuse lobe with a subterminal subulate projection ± 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube 9-13 mm. long; petals translucent, pale greenish yellow or pale mauve, the posterior obovate, acuminate, 2.5-3.6 × 0.9-1.1 cm., the laterals elliptic, obtuse, 2.5-3.5 × 0.5-0.7 cm.
    Labellum
    Labellum 3-lobed; lateral lobes rounded rhomboid, 3-4 × 2-3.5 cm., white, yellow or purple; median lobe broadly spathulate, emarginate, ± 3.5-5.5 × 4.5-7 cm., white, yellow or purple with a deep yellow central mark.
    Stamens
    Stamen petaloid, oblong or pandurate, 2.2-2.5 × 0.7-0.9 cm.; anther 6-7 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary 6-10 mm. long, trigonous, widened above.
    Fruits
    Young fruit 3-winged; mature fruit and seeds not seen.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, often around termitaria, on rocky slopes, or in seasonally flooded places; 450-1900 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Siphonochilus kirkii (Hook.f.) B.L.Burtt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Malawi 11110.000
    17369.000
    Kenya 27361.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7793], Tanzania 23411.000
    Verdcourt, B. [110], Tanzania 11112.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1774], Tanzania 18204.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [1869], Kenya 11111.000
    Polhill, R. [1330], Tanzania 6432.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [2628], Zambia 17370.000
    Cribb, P. [10405], Tanzania 37195.000
    Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000099551 holotype
    Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000099552 holotype
    Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000099553 holotype
    Elwes, H. J. [8188] K000099558 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7731], Tanzania Siphonochilus carsonii 25991.000
    Carson. A. [s.n.], Malawi Siphonochilus carsonii K000099556 holotype
    Montagu, E. W. S [s.n.], Zimbabwe Kaempferia montagui K000099557 Unknown type material

    First published in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40: 372 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • B.L. Burtt in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 40: 372 (1982).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0