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This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahel to Tanzania, Comoros, Madagascar, Egypt to W. India.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Slender herbaceous perennial twining to 5 m, but mostly much less.
Morphology Stem
Stems minutely pubescent, older stems somewhat lenticellate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves slightly succulent, petiole 2–10 mm long, minutely pubescent; lamina narrowly oblong to elliptic or ovate, 1.5–4.5 × 0.5–3 cm, obtuse to subacute with a short apiculus, rounded at the base, glabrous or very sparsely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences extra-axillary, sessile or very rarely with peduncle to 1 cm long, with 2–3(–8) flowers open at the same time.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 10–15 mm long, very slender, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes ± 1 mm long, triangular, acute, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla broadly conical in bud, fused at the base for ± 1 mm; lobes cream or green, frequently tinged with brown or purple, triangular, 4–6 × 2–3 mm, densely pubescent adaxially at least in lower half, glabrous abaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium 1.5–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona lobes ± as tall as staminal column, fleshy, adnate to back of anthers except for the free tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings ± 1.5 mm long, the margins strongly curved below, radiating from the column basally and extending beneath the corona lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Stylar head not projecting beyond anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles narrowly lanceolate in outline, 4.5–6 cm long, strongly beaked, smooth, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate, ± 5 × 3 mm, with a pale marginal wing ± 0.5 mm wide; coma ± 1 cm long
Figures
Fig 120, p 495
Ecology
Scrambling over shrubs in dry bushland, frequently in seasonally flooded ground, or in riverine forests or thickets; sea level to 900 m
Note
Madagascan material has been treated as a separate subspecies, subsp. madagascariensis, on the basis of its generally smaller leaves, but some Somali collections blur this distinction.
Distribution
Range: Widely distributed across the southern margins of the Sahara from Senegal to Ethiopia and Eritrea, Somalia, and from the Arabian Peninsula to Afghanistan and NW India, Madagascar Flora districts: U1 K1 K2 K3 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T8

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Plants twining to c. 2 m
Morphology Leaves
Leaves slightly succulent, petiole 1–3 mm long; blade 10–30 x 2–15(–20) mm, narrowly oblong to elliptic or ovate, obtuse to subacute with a short apiculus, rounded at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences sessile with 2–3 flowers open at the same time; pedicels 5–15 mm, very slender
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-lobes basally fused, 4–9 x 2–3 mm, triangular, yellow, green or brownish purple, adaxially densely pubescent, at least in lower half
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona-lobes ± as long as the gynostegium, carinate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium 1.5–2 mm long, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings 1–1.5 mm long, following the basal lateral margin of the anther
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmatic head not projecting beyond anthers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 4.5–6 cm long, narrowly lanceolate in outline, strongly beaked.
Distribution
N1–3; C2; S1–3 widely distributed across the southern margins of the Sahara to Senegal, in north-east Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar, and from the Arabian Peninsula to Pakistan and western India.
Ecology
Altitude range 0–1300 m.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Burkina, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Pentatropis nivalis (J.F.Gmel.) D.V.Field & J.R.I.Wood appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 9, 2006 Milne-Redhead, E. [7591], Tanzania 1068.000
Jun 9, 2006 Gillett, J.B. [12644], Kenya 1962.000
Jun 9, 2006 Drummond, R.B. [4248], Kenya 2000.000
Jun 9, 2006 Faulkner, H. [734], Tanzania 22872.000
Jun 9, 2006 Greenway, P.J. [11273], Tanzania 26821.000
Jun 9, 2006 Gillespie, J.B. [116], Kenya 29859.000
Jun 9, 2006 Greenway, P.J. [12041], Tanzania 30053.000
Jun 9, 2006 Faulkner, H. [1840], Tanzania 3436.000
Jun 9, 2006 Drummond, R.B. [2310], Tanzania 3437.000
Jun 9, 2006 Polhill, R. [524], Kenya 3767.000
Jun 9, 2006 Carter, S. [C.&S. 147], Kenya 40916.000
Jun 9, 2006 Greenway, P.J. [8305], Tanzania 5127.000
Stuhlmann [I.809], Tanzania K000305181 Unknown type material
Heudelot [530], Senegal K000305235 isosyntype
Roger [s.n.], Senegal K000305236 Unknown type material
Bent, J.T. [s.n.], Sudan K000305237 syntype
Steudner [752], Ethiopia K000305238 isosyntype
Schweinfurth, G. [219], Sudan K000305239 syntype
Johnston, H.H. [4], Sudan K000305240 syntype
Gillett, J.B. [15779], Jordan K000286073
Grazovsky, A. [11], Jordan K000286074
Jongkind, C.C.H. [3699], Madagascar Pentatropis nivalis subsp. madagascariensis K000391754
Perrier de la Bâthie, H. [s.n.], Madagascar Pentatropis nivalis subsp. madagascariensis K000391755
Pervillé [594], Madagascar Pentatropis nivalis subsp. madagascariensis K000391756
Radcliffe-Smith, A. [4223], Oman Strobopetalum carnosum 38660.000

First published in Kew Bull. 38: 215 (1983)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Berhaut, J. (1971). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 1: 1-626. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Field & Wood in Kew Bull. 38: 215–220 (1983)
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by D. Goyder [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Eth. 4(1): 137 (2003)
  • Fl. Somalia 3: 151, fig. 104 (2006).
  • K.B. 38: 215 (1983)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 181 (1994)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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