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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum australe (Schrad.) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms 30-60 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-4 mm long; obtuse, or acute. Leaf-blades 2-7 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 20-35 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; pyramidal; 3.5-7 cm long. Primary panicle branches 1-2 -nate. Panicle axis 6-8 noded. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels puberulous; hairy at tip; with 0.1-0.3 mm long hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.15-0.3 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.15-0.3 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 3.5-5.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3.5-5.5 mm long; 1.1-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 3-4.5 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined; ciliate on margins; dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate, or awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0.1-0.5 mm long. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 3-4.5 mm long; chartaceous; ciliate on margins; dentate; 2 -fid; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 1-3 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 3-4 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel. Lemma surface puberulous; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 1.3-2.6 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southeastern, and eastern.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Weimarck 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Northwest European R, Poland, Romania, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum australe (Schrad.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [s.n.], Austria Hierochloe australis K000808887
    s.coll. [s.n.] Hierochloe australis K000808886

    Bibliography

    First published in Blumea 30: 347 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe australis.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0