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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum monticola (Bigelow) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic to Korea and NE. U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms 20-40 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.6 mm long. Leaf-blades involute; 1-2 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; oblong; 1.5-4.5 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 5-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 5-8 mm long; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; pubescent; dentate; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 2-4 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; pubescent; lobed; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret geniculate; 4-8 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 5-8 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea elliptic; 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 1.2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, and northeast USA.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Pac SW 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, British Columbia, Buryatiya, Chita, East European Russia, Finland, Greenland, Irkutsk, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Labrador, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Mongolia, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Newfoundland, North European Russi, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nunavut, Ontario, Primorye, Québec, Sakhalin, Svalbard, Sweden, Tuva, Vermont, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yukon

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum monticola (Bigelow) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Blumea 30: 347 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe alpina.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Hultén, E.O.G. (1960). Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula: with notes on the flora of Commander Islands, ed. 2: 1-376. Weinheim : J. Cramer ; New York : Hafner Pub. Co.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0