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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum pluriflorum (Koidz.) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Japan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated. Culms 18-40 cm long; 1-1.2 mm diam. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades involute; 25-40 cm long; 4-6 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 2-3 cm long; 1-1.5 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 5-6 mm long; 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 4.5-5.5 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; pubescent; ciliate on margins; obtuse; muticous, or mucronate, or awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0-2 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 4.5-5.5 mm long; chartaceous; pubescent; ciliate on margins; muticous, or mucronate, or awned. Fertile lemma ovate; 4-5 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy at base. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea elliptic; 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male). Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: eastern Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Koyama 1994.

    Distribution

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum pluriflorum (Koidz.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Blumea 30: 349 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe pluriflora.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0