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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum spicatum (Parodi) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Chile.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms 100-130 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode; striately veined; antrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4-5 mm long; acute. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 23-35 cm long; 8-10 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; continuous, or interrupted; 15 cm long; 1-1.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed; 1-2 -nate. Panicle axis glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 5.5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume ovate; 6.5 mm long; 1.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; 1-keeled; 3 -veined.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 5 mm long; 1.2 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; dark brown; 1-keeled; scaberulous; rough above; ciliate on midvein (at base); ciliolate on margins; truncate, or obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret subapical; 1-1.5 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 5 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; scabrous; ciliolate on margins; truncate, or obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret subapical; 1-1.5 mm long. Fertile lemma oblong; 4 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea; ciliate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 -veined; 1-keeled.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 3 mm long. Stigmas plumose. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Parodi 2004.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chile South

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum spicatum (Parodi) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Blumea 30: 349 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe spicata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0