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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum submuticum (F.Muell.) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect; 30-60 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4-9 mm long; erose; truncate. Leaf-blades 5-25 cm long; 4-8 mm wide; stiff; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface ribbed (lightly); scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 5-18 cm long. Primary panicle branches 2 -nate. Panicle branches capillary; pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 5-6 mm long; 1.1-1.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 5.5 mm long; 1.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; scaberulous; ciliolate on margins; obtuse; muticous, or mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5 mm long; cartilaginous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea elliptic; 1 -veined; 1-keeled.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male). Stigmas plumose. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl NSW 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum submuticum (F.Muell.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Blumea 30: 349 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe submutica.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0