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  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Psydrax Gaertn.
      1. Psydrax parviflorus (Afzel.) Bridson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or tall timber tree, 2–27 m. tall, sometimes with a fluted bole; young stems square or round, glabrous or rarely puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves not restricted to apices of branches; blades drying dull to bright green, brown or blue-black, narrowly elliptic to elliptic, oblong-elliptic or ovate, 5.5–15.5 cm. long, 2–8 cm. wide, distinctly acuminate at apex, acute, obtuse or rounded at base, coriaceous; midrib whitish or red; lateral nerves in 4–8 main pairs; tertiary nerves apparent, sometimes raised above; domatia present as rather prominent blisters in the axils of the lateral nerves, with or without an eruption, glabrous, ciliate or pubescent; petioles 3–10 mm. long; stipules 2–7 mm. long, triangular at base, terminating in a usually decurrent lobe.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous, borne in pedunculate 20–100-flowered corymbs 2–6 cm. across; peduncles 0.3–2 cm. long, glabrescent to pubescent; pedicels 2–9 mm. long, adpressed pubescent; bracteoles inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 0.75– 1 mm. long, glabrous to pubescent; calyx-limb 0.25–1.25 mm. long, shorter or longer than the tube, and often wider, truncate to repand, glabrous to pubescent outside and inside.
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish; tube 2–3 mm. long, with a ring of deflexed hairs above mid-point inside, and pubescent at throat; lobes oblong-ovate, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, 1.25–1.5 mm. wide, obtuse to acute.
    Anthers
    Anthers reflexed.
    Pistil
    Style up to 8 mm. long; stigmatic knob cylindrical, (0.5–)0.75–1 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk pubescent.
    Fruits
    Fruit black when mature, almost didymous, 5–8 mm. long, 8–14 mm. wide; pyrene 3/4-circular in outline, 5–8 mm. wide, with a groove extending from point of attachment, on either side, to lateral face, perpendicular (in 1-seeded fruit) or angled upwards (2-seeded fruit), cartilaginous, slightly bullate.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D. Bridson. Flora Zambesiaca 5:2. 1998

    Habit
    Shrub or tall timber tree 2–27 m tall, sometimes with a fluted bole; young stems glabrous, or rarely puberulous, square or sometimes rounded.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 5.5–15.5 × 2–8 cm, narrowly elliptic to elliptic, ovate or oblong-elliptic, acuminate to finely acuminate at apex, acute to obtuse or rounded at base, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, shiny on upper surface, glabrous; mid-rib whitish or red; lateral nerves in 4–8 main pairs; tertiary nerves apparent, sometimes raised above; domatia present as rather prominent blisters in the axils of the lateral nerves, with or without an eruption, glabrous, ciliate or pubescent; petioles 3–10 mm long; stipules 2–7 mm long, triangular at base, terminating in a usually decurrent lobe.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous, borne in pedunculate, 20–100-flowered corymbs, 2–6 cm across; peduncles 3–20 mm long, glabrescent to pubescent; pedicels 2–9 mm long, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 0.75–1.25 mm long, glabrous to pubescent; limb 0.25–1.25 mm long, shorter or longer and often wider than the tube, truncate to repand, glabrous to pubescent outside and inside.
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish; tube 2–3 mm long, with deflexed hairs above mid-point inside and pubescent at throat; lobes 1.5–2.5 × 1.25–1.5 mm, oblong ovate, acute to obtuse.
    Anthers
    Anthers reflexed.
    Style
    Style up to 8 mm long.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter (0.5)0.75–1 mm long; disk pubescent.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5–8 × 8–14 mm, almost bispherical, black when mature.
    Pyrene
    Pyrene 5–8 mm across, 3/4 circular to almost circular in outline with a groove extending from point of attachment on either side to centre of the plane face, cartilaginous, somewhat bullate.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Psydrax parviflorus (Afzel.) Bridson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2012 Molmou, D. [502], Guinea 78350.000
    Maurin, O. [30], Cameroon 70372.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 700 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Bridson in Fl. Rwanda 3: 152 (1985).
    • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 40: 700 (1985).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0