1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Psydrax Gaertn.
      1. Psydrax schimperianus (A.Rich.) Bridson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or tree, 2–10 m. tall; young branches square, often somewhat winged at corners, glabrous or rarely puberulous; older branches with fawn or greyish bark.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly to broadly elliptic or less often obovate, 3–10.5 cm. long, 1.3–5 cm. wide, acute or more often gradually acuminate at apex, acute or occasionally obtuse at base, coriaceous, very shiny above, glabrous; lateral nerves in 5 main pairs; tertiary nerves obscure to apparent, coarsely reticulate; domatia absent or inconspicuous; petioles 2–3 mm. long, glabrous; stipules 3–7(–10) mm. long, triangular at base, terminating in a linear keeled decurrent lobe.
    Flowers
    Flowers both 4- and 5-merous, borne in sessile to subsessile 7–50-flowered umbellate cymes; peduncle, if present, not exceeding 3 mm. long; pedicels 2–7 mm. long, pubescent or rarely glabrescent; bracteoles inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 1–2 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous; limb reduced to a shortly toothed rim.
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish; tube 2–2.5 mm. long, with a ring of deflexed hairs above mid-point inside; lobes oblong-lanceolate, 3–3.5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, acute.
    Anthers
    Anthers narrowly oblong, reflexed.
    Pistil
    Style 4–6 mm. long; stigmatic knob 1.25–1.5 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit black when mature, somewhat wider than long, 5–6.5 mm. long, 6–7.5 mm. wide, apex slightly prominent to scarcely indented, pyrene ± ellipsoid, 6 mm. long, 4–4.5 mm. wide, with a wide groove beneath point of attachment, rugulose to bullate.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D. Bridson. Flora Zambesiaca 5:2. 1998

    Habit
    Shrub or tree 2–10 m tall; young branches square in section, often slightly winged on the angles, usually glabrous or rarely puberulous; bark fawn-coloured or greyish.
    Leaves
    Leaf blades 3–10.5 × 1.3–5 cm, narrowly to broadly elliptic or less often obovate, acute or more often gradually acuminate at apex, acute or occasionally obtuse at base, coriaceous, very shiny on upper surface, glabrous; lateral nerves in (4)5 main pairs; tertiary nerves obscure, or if apparent then coarsely reticulate; domatia absent or inconspicuous; petioles 2–3 mm long; stipules 3–7(10) mm long, triangular at base, terminating in a linear keeled decurrent lobe.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–5-merous, borne in sessile to subsessile, 7–50-flowered umbel-like cymes; peduncle if present not exceeding 3 mm long; pedicels 2–7 mm long, pubescent; bracteoles inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 1–2 mm long, glabrous or puberulous; limb reduced to a shortly toothed rim.
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish; tube 2–2.5 mm long, with a ring of deflexed hairs above the mid-point inside; lobes 3–3.5 × 1.5 mm, oblong-lanceolate, acute.
    Anthers
    Anthers reflexed, narrowly oblong.
    Style
    Style 4–6 mm long.
    Pollen presenter
    Pollen presenter 1.25–1.5 mm long; disk glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5–6.5 × 6–7.5 mm, scarcely indented or slightly prominent at the apex, black when mature.
    Pyrene
    Pyrene 6 × 4–4.5 mm, almost semi-circular in outline, with a lateral groove beneath the point of attachment, rugulose to bullate.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub, climber or small tree
    Flowers
    Flowers whitish.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Psydrax schimperianus (A.Rich.) Bridson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [614], Ethiopia 36254.000
    Bridson, D. [244 A], Rwanda 41714.000

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 714 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bridson in Fl. Rwanda 3: 150, fig. 44.3 (1985).
    • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 40: 714 (1985)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0