Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Tribolium Desv.
      1. Tribolium acutiflorum (Nees) Renvoize

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 10-30 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 50-120 cm long; 2-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform; linear, or oblong; 1-2.5 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume ovate; 2 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume apex acute to setaceously attenuate. Upper glume ovate; 3.5 mm long; 1.2-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acute to setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma midvein eciliate, or ciliate; hairy below. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy below. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Gr S Afr 1993.
    Diagnostic
    Lemma hairs clavate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Introduced into:

    South Australia, Victoria

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Tribolium acutiflorum (Nees) Renvoize appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33908], South Africa K000309832
    Jan 1, 1987 Black, R.A. [1272.150-(3) A], Australia K000309559
    Linder, H.P. [5846], South Africa K000309830
    Linder, H.P. [5847], South Africa K000309831
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367259
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367260
    McCallum-Webster, M. [50a], South Africa K000309834
    McCallum-Webster, M. [50b], South Africa K000309835
    Smook, L. [3722], South Africa K000309836
    Stajsic, V. [621], Australia K000309560
    Rehm, S. [373], South Africa K000309833

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 798 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0