1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Khaya A.Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White & B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Trees, usually of large size.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; leaflets entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers monoecious, but with well-developed vestiges of opposite sex, and with little external difference between the sexes, borne in large much-branched panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobed almost to base, lobes 4–5, subcircular, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5, free, much longer than the calyx in bud, contorted.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube urceolate, glabrous inside and out, bearing 8 or 10 included anthers or antherodes inside towards the apex and terminated by 8 or 10 subcircular, emarginate or irregularly lobed appendages alternating with the anthers or antherodes.
    Disc
    Disk cushion-shaped, fused to the base of the ovary but free from the staminal tube.
    Pistil
    Pistillode similar to ovary but much narrower; loculi well-developed, but vestigial ovules minute. Ovary 4–5-locular, each loculus with 12–16 or more pendulous ovules in 2 rows; style short; style-head discoid, almost completely blocking entrance to staminal tube; margin crenellate, upper surface with minute central papilla with 4–5 radiating, (?) stigmatic ridges.
    Fruits
    Fruit an upright, almost spherical woody septifragal capsule, opening by 4–5 valves from the apex; columella not extending to apex of capsule, with 4–5 sharp ridges, hard and woody; seed scars white, conspicuous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6 or more per loculus, broadly transversely ellipsoid, narrowly winged more or less all round margin.
    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Large trees
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate
    Flowers
    Flowers 4- or 5-merous, unisexual (plants monoecious) in large much-branched panicles
    Calyx
    Calyx lobed almost to the base, the lobes suborbicular, imbricate
    Corolla
    Petals 4 or 5, free, contorted, erect in open flowers, somewhat hooded
    Stamens
    Staminal tube urceolate, bearing 8–10 included anthers or antherodes towards the apex and terminated by 8–10 suborbicular, emarginate or irregularly lobed, overlapping appendages alternating with the anthers or antherodes
    Disc
    Disk in ♂ flowers cushion-shaped, fused to the base of the pistillode but free from the base of the staminal tube, less conspicuous in ♀ flowers
    Pistil
    Ovary 4–5-locular, each locule with 12–18 ovules; style-head discoid with crenulate margin, upper surface with 4–5 radiating stigmatic ridges
    Fruits
    Fruit an erect, subglobose, woody septifragal capsule opening by 4–5(–6) valves from the apex, the valves remaining joined at the base and often with rough, fibrous marginal strands; columella not extending to the apex of the capsule, with 4–5(–6) sharp, hard, woody ridges; seed-scars white, conspicuous
    Seeds
    Seeds 8–18 per locule, broadly transversely ellipsoid or suborbicular, narrowly winged all round the margin.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Cuba, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Northern Provinces, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam

    Khaya A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [9185], Tanzania 6957.000

    First published in Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 23: 238 (1830)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19B, 1: 49 (1940).
    • —F.T.A 1: 337
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par. 19: 249 (1830).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 515 (1975)
    • in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris 19: 249 (1830)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0