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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched succulent shrub erect to 3 m.; branches (4–)5–6-angled, 1.5–2.5 cm. thick, ± constricted at intervals of 10–30 cm., uniformly green; angles straight to sinuately toothed, with teeth 1–2(–3) cm. apart.
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields to 5 × 3 mm. above the spines and forming a continuous horny margin along the angles 2–3 mm. wide; spines to 1 cm. long, reduced to 2–3 mm. long on the uppermost branches; prickles rudimentary to 1 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deltoid, ± 2 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, subsessile, 1-forked, with stout cyme-branches 1–3 mm. long; bracts deltoid, ± 1.5 × 1.5 mm., denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 2.5 × 5 mm., with cup-shaped involucres, all parts bright red; glands transversely oblong, ± 1.3 × 2.8 mm., contiguous, yellowish becoming bright red; lobes transversely elliptic, ± 1.2 × 1.5 mm.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles fan-shaped, deeply laciniate, plumose; stamens 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:styles 1.8 mm. long, joined at the base, apices much thickened, rugose, slightly bifid. Male flowers:bracteoles fan-shaped, deeply laciniate, plumose; stamens 4 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 1.8 mm. long, joined at the base, apices much thickened, rugose, slightly bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel ± 5 mm. long, deeply 3-lobed, ± 3.5 × 5.5 mm., dark red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, ± 2 mm. in diameter, buff, shallowly and closely tuberculate.
Figures
Fig. 94/3–5, p. 500.
Habitat
Rocky slopes and lava ridges with open deciduous bushland; 600–2000 m.
Distribution
K3 K6 confined to the Rift Valley S. of Lake Naivasha

Native to:

Kenya

Euphorbia scarlatina S.Carter appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 17, 1990 Pocs, T. [89270B], Tanzania K000238230
Sep 9, 1985 Napier, E.R. [3019], Kenya K000238231
Sep 9, 1985 Glover, P.E. [2804], Kenya K000238235
Sep 9, 1985 Verdcourt, B. [703], Kenya K000238232
Sep 9, 1985 Bally [B2653], Kenya K000238234
Kenya 36004.000

First published in Kew Bull. 42: 392 (1987)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • S. Carter in Kew Bulletin 42: 392 (1987).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0