1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia prionoides Radcl.-Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe, Northern Prov.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A climbing branched severely urticating perennial herb or shrub, up to 9 m tall when supported, monoecious.
    Stem
    Stems and petioles tomentellous, or retrorsely puberulous and hispid and sometimes stinging-setose.
    Stipules
    Stipules 5–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate.
    Petiole
    Petiole up to 13.5 cm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blade 2–18.5 × 1–14 cm, triangular-ovate, acute at the apex, coarsely serrate or biserrate on the margins, deeply or widely cordate at the base, chartaceous, 5–7-nerved from the base, sparingly pubescent and setose on upper surface, whitish-tomentose and setose along the midrib and main nerves beneath; lateral nerves in 3–5 pairs, scarcely prominent above, slightly so beneath, camptodromous or craspedodromous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to 11 cm long, on peduncles up to 3 cm long, leaf-opposed, mostly male with 1(2) female flowers at the base; axis tomentellous; male bracts 2–3 mm long, linear, 1-flowered; male bracteoles 1–2 mm long, subulate; female bracts and bracteoles resembling those of the male, but slightly larger.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 2 mm long; buds turbinate; calyx lobes 1.5 × 1 mm, elliptic-ovate, obtuse, sparingly puberulous without, glabrous within; stamens 1 mm long; pistillode flat, 3-lobed, the lobes truncate at the apex. Female flowers: pedicels very short, extending to 3 mm long in fruit; calyx lobes 6, 2 × 1.5 mm, accrescent to 7 × 7 mm, each lobe 7-lobulate, the lobules linear, longer than the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, puberulous and setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis lanceolate, sparingly puberulous without, glabrous within, stramineous, at length woody proximally; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely setose; styles 3, 1.5 mm long, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas smooth, recurved.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 2 mm long; buds turbinate; calyx lobes 1.5 × 1 mm, elliptic-ovate, obtuse, sparingly puberulous without, glabrous within; stamens 1 mm long; pistillode flat, 3-lobed, the lobes truncate at the apex.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels very short, extending to 3 mm long in fruit; calyx lobes 6, 2 × 1.5 mm, accrescent to 7 × 7 mm, each lobe 7-lobulate, the lobules linear, longer than the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, puberulous and setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis lanceolate, sparingly puberulous without, glabrous within, stramineous, at length woody proximally; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely setose; styles 3, 1.5 mm long, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas smooth, recurved.
    Fruits
    Fruit 4–5 × 7–8 mm, 3-lobed, smooth, puberulous and setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3 mm in diameter, globose, greyish-brown, unevenly finely dark brown-granulate and with scattered patches of minute whitish papillae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Tragia prionoides Radcl.-Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 26, 1985 Chase, N.C. [5232], Zimbabwe K000425714 isotype
    Jan 1, 1985 Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000253332 Unknown type material
    Bolus, H. [12290], Swaziland K000253335 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 42: 397 (1987)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0