1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Hirpicium Cass.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial herbs, sometimes shrubby, usually much-branched
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, usually heavily felted beneath, revolute
    Capitulum
    Capitula heterogamous, terminal, solitary, radiate; involucre often urn-shaped, sometimes bowl-shaped with numerous partially united imbricate phyllaries; receptacle flat, alveolate
    Florets
    Ray florets uniseriate, spreading, subentire at tip, sterile; disc florets fertile or innermost sterile, regular, tubular, 5-merous, limb usually erect
    Anthers
    Anthers united with minutely sagittate bases and apical appendages
    Style
    Style branches patent, linear, obtuse
    Fruits
    Achenes turbinate, densely long-hairy and crowned with a uni- or bi-seriate pappus of membranous spirally overlapping scales.
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, often suffrutescent with annual stems from a woody rootstock, or subshrubs.
    Stem
    Stems and branches ± bristly-setose, sometimes glandular-hairy or glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sometimes radical, densely bristly-setose, hispid or scabrous, sometimes glabrous with bristles on the margins only, the lower surfaces white-felted, rarely only glandular-hairy, linear ± oblanceolate oblong or obovate, entire or ± dentate sometimes pinnately lobed.
    Capitulum
    Capitula heterogamous and radiate, stalked, or ± sessile and subtended by leaves, solitary and terminal on the stem and branches, sometimes ± racemose or corymbosely arranged.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries several-seriate, connate forming a ± obconic or cup-shaped involucre; free parts linear, strap-shaped or triangular-lanceolate, bristly or setose- to spinose-ciliate.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle shallowly or deeply alveolate.
    Florets
    Disk-florets hermaphrodite, numerous; corollas yellow infundibuliform; anther bases minutely sagittate; style branches linear; achenes ± ribbed, villous-sericeous; pappus scales 1- or 2-seriate, the outer large and overlapping, the inner when present smaller and stipitate. Ray-florets uniseriate, neuter; corollas yellow with rays sometimes purplish outside, mostly without staminodes; rays erect strap-shaped, margins becoming inrolled; achenes wanting.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Hirpicium Cass. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris(1820) 27.

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Kirkia 10: 86–95 (1975).
    • Roessler in Mitt. Bot. Staatss. Münch. 3: 333 (1959)
    • in Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 448 (1823).
    • in Dict. Sci. Nat. 21: 238 (1821)
    • in Bull. Soc. Philom.: 27 (1820)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Roessler in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 3: 333 (1959)
    • Dict. Sci. Nat. 21: 238 (1821)
    • in Bull. Soc. Philom., Paris: 27 (1820)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0