1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus nanodendron J.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo (Brunei, W. Sarawak).

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    Wi Mata Hari (Ib.)
    Distribution
    Known from a single collection from Andulau Forest Reserve. Elsewhere known only in the First Division of Sarawak. Endemic.
    General Description
    Massive solitary short-stemmed rattan with erect or sometimes decumbent stem to c. 1 m only; stem without sheaths to c. 5 cm diam., with sheaths to 10 cm diam., internodes very short, to 3 cm only. Sheaths tubular at first, later splitting opposite the petiole for much of their length, dull green, densely covered with robust triangular green spines 5-70 × 3-6 mm, and scattered deciduous scale between the spines; spines around the sheath mouth sometimes more slender and erect; knee absent; ocrea inconspicuous. Flagellum absent. Leaf robust, ecirrate, arching, to 2.5 m long including the petiole to 50 cm; petiole deeply channelled, densely armed with horizontal spines 5-60 × 3-6 mm with swollen bases; leaflets c. 50 on each side of the rachis, narrow, very regular, the longest c. 50 × 2 cm in mid leaf, decreasing to c. 16 × 1 cm at the tip, transverse veinlets very fine and close. Inflorescences short, rarely more than 30 cm, the male with up to 5 partial inflorescences, the female with 2 or spicate; male rachilla curved, c. 5 cm long, the female c. 5.5 cm. Mature fruit rounded or somewhat top-shaped, c. 20 mm diam., covered in c. 26 vertical rows of dull straw-coloured scales. Seed ± oblate, 20 × 15 mm, very deeply grooved and pitted, the endosperm otherwise homogeneous. Seedling leaf not known. (Fig. 48, Pls 11B, 12A, 12B).

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus nanodendron J.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 2, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD6093], Malaysia K000521464
    Aug 2, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5984], Malaysia K000521465
    Aug 2, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5983], Malaysia K000521466
    Dransfield, J. [6140], Borneo 44359.000
    Dransfield, J. [JD 6092], Sarawak K000207846 holotype
    Wong, K.M. [324], Brunei K000521467
    Baker, W.J. [720], Malaysia 61794.000
    Baker, W.J. [720], Malaysia K000521463

    First published in Kew Bull. 45: 90 (1990)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0