1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus comptus J.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Borneo.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Widespread throughout the lowlands of Brunei. Elsewhere in Sabah and Sarawak. Endemic to Borneo.
    Vernacular
    Uwai Pios (Dus.), Wi Tunggal (Ib.)
    General Description
    Solitary or very rarely clustered slender or moderate rattan with stems to 10 m or more; stems without sheaths 10-18 mm diam., with sheaths to 27 mm diam., usually less, internodes c. 7 cm long. Sheaths bright green armed with scattered short broad triangular ± reflexed black spines to 6 ×6 mm with swollen yellowish bases and black hairy fringes along the margins, usually with slight swellings in between the spines and abundant brown indumentum; knee conspicuous, armed as the sheath; ocrea membranous, to 5 mm, quickly disintegrating, reddish when young. Flagellum to 2 m. Leaf ecirrate, to 90 cm including petiole to 30 cm, the rachis very densely covered with rusty-brown hairs when young; leaflets 35-40 on each side of the rachis, very close and regular, rather limp, to 30 × 1.3 cm, conspicuously bristly on 3 nerves on the upper surface, along the margins and along the main vein on the undersurface, transverse veinlets inconspicuous. Inflorescence relatively very long, to c. 6 m, with a peduncle to 3 m, the bracts closely sheathing and bearing abundant short triangular spines; partial inflorescences c. 3-4, each to c. 1 m, and bearing lax rachillae; female rachillae to 15 × 0.2 cm with densely crowded flowers. Mature fruit rounded, to 7 mm diam., tipped with a short beak to 1 mm, and covered with 15 vertical rows of pale ivorycoloured scales with dark tips. Seed slightly flattened on one side, to 5 × 5 × 3 mm; endosperm homogeneous. Seedling leaf pinnate with c. 4-5 leaflets on each side of the rusty-hairy rachis. (Fig. 67).
    [PW]
    Use
    The cane is of good appearance but tends to be rather short. Used for weaving carrying baskets.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus comptus J.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 28, 1995 Frohlich, J. [B2], Brunei K000113059
    May 15, 1993 Bernstein, J. [JHB13], Brunei K000113063
    Mar 23, 1993 Sibil [96], Malaysia K000113057
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MC69], Brunei K000113062
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MC45], Brunei K000113061
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MC20], Brunei K000113060
    Mar 21, 1991 Wong, K.M. [WKM1693], Brunei K000113044
    Sep 14, 1990 Wong, K.M. [WKM1389], Brunei K000113045
    Dec 19, 1988 Abas [SAN85881], Malaysia K000113047
    Dec 19, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5532], Malaysia K000113046
    Dec 19, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5282], Malaysia K000113048
    Dec 19, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5127], Malaysia K000113049
    Dec 19, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5726], Malaysia K000113050
    Dec 19, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5545], Malaysia K000113051
    Dec 19, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5639], Malaysia K000113052
    Dransfield, J. [JD 5643], Sabah K000113053 holotype
    Wong, K.M. [s.n.4], Brunei K000113066
    Baker, W.J. [WJB540], Brunei K000113058
    Christensen [1250], Malaysia K000113043
    Christensen [1678], Malaysia K000113064
    Bunker, W. [OX21], Malaysia K000113065

    First published in Kew Bull. 45: 98 (1990)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0