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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Habit
Annual herb, simple in very reduced plants, occasionally branched from the base with decumbent branches, but usually erect with many long, slender, erect branches, (0.25) 0.45–1.2 (2) m. tall; stems frequently red, terete below, more or less quadrangular above striate, clad (as are the branches) with an indumentum of more or less dense, upwardly directed to subpatent whitish hairs.
Leaves
Leaves lanceolate-oblong to oblong-elliptic, those of the main stems 2–10 × 0.9–3 cm., more or less abruptly contracted at the base (superior leaves sessile, the lower usually very shortly petiolate), obtuse-apiculate to subacute at the apex, thinly to moderately furnished with upwardly-directed or subpatent hairs, the upper surface usually darker.
Inflorescences
Inflorescences subglobose to cylindrical, (1) 1.5–3.5 (5) × (1.25) 1.5–1.75 cm., the flowers very dense and concealing the white-pilose axis, sessile above 2–4 lanceolate to ovate, short leaves; commonly in groups of 3 (a terminal with two laterals on widely spreading branches).
Bracts
Bracts ovate-acuminate, c. 5–8 mm. long, membranous with a narrow or wider greenish central band, very shortly pilose along the midrib only to more generally long-pilose, the midrib excurrent in a distinct, sharp arista.
Bracteoles
Bracteoles lanceolate-ovate, 6–9 mm. long, densely long-pilose at least along the midrib dorsally, the midrib excurrent in a sharp mucro, the apex of one bracteole (and not rarely the entire flower) more or less curved.
Tepal
Tepals narrowly lanceolate, the outer 2 densely appressed-pilose, narrowly pale- margined with a firm green centre, 6–8.25 mm.; inner 2 c. 0.5–1 mm. shorter, less pilose, 3 nerves sometimes visible in transmitted light only; middle tepal intermediate; all with a rigid, spine-like apex.
Stamens
Stamens 2.5–5 mm. long, the filaments floccose-hairy near the base; pseudostaminodes flabellate, 0.75–1 mm. long, the margins more or less floccose, dorsal scale absent in all material examined.
Pistil
Ovary quadrate-obpyriform, slightly compressed, with a faint apical keel; style slender, (1) 2.5–3.25 mm. long.
Fruits
Capsule turbinate (“drum-shaped”), c. 2.5 mm. long, with a broad, flat, firm apex; seeds oblong-ovoid, 2–2.25 mm. long, brown, shining, faintly reticulate.

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Habit
Annual herb, simple in very reduced plants, occasionally branched from the base with decumbent branches, but usually erect with many long, slender, erect branches, (0.25–)0.45–1.2(–2) m. tall; stems frequently red, terete below, ± quadrangular above, striate, clad (as are the branches) with an indumentum of ± dense, upwardly directed to subpatent whitish hairs.
Leaves
Leaves lanceolate-oblong to oblong-elliptic, those of the main stems 2–10 × 0 .9–3 cm., ± abruptly contracted at the base (upper leaves sessile, the lower usually very shortly petiolate), obtuse-apiculate to subacute at the apex, thinly to moderately furnished with upwardly-directed or subpatent hairs, the upper surface usually darker.
Inflorescences
Inflorescences subglobose to cylindrical, (1–)1.5–3.5(–5) × (1.25–)1.5–1.75 cm., the flowers very dense and concealing the white-pilose axis, sessile above 2–4 lanceolate to ovate, short leaves; commonly in groups of 3, a terminal with two laterals on widely spreading branches.
Bracts
Bracts ovate-acuminate, ± 5–8 mm., membranous with a narrow or wider greenish central band, very shortly pilose along the midrib only to more generally long-pilose, the midrib excurrent in a distinct, sharp arista.
Bracteoles
Bracteoles lanceolate-ovate, 6–9 mm., densely long-pilose at least along the midrib dorsally, the midrib excurrent in a sharp mucro, the tip of one bracteole (and not rarely the entire flower) ± curved.
Tepal
Tepals narrowly lanceolate, the outer 2 densely appressed-pilose, narrowly pale-margined with a firm green centre, 6–8.25 mm.; inner 2 ± 0.5–1 mm. shorter, less pilose, 3 nerves sometimes visible in transmitted light only; middle tepal intermediate; all with a rigid, spine-like tip.
Stamens
Stamens 2.5–5 mm., the filaments floccose-hairy near the base; pseudostaminodes flabellate, 0.75–1 mm., the margins ± floccose, dorsal scale absent in all material examined.
Ovary
Ovary quadrate-obpyriform, slightly compressed, with a faint apical keel.
Style
Style slender, (1–)2.5–3.25 mm.
Fruits
Capsule turbinate (“drum-shaped”), ± 2.5 mm., with a broad, flat, firm apex; seeds oblong-ovoid, 2–2.25 mm., brown, shining, faintly reticulate.
Habitat
Roadside in rocky ground and gritty soil; 900 m.
Distribution
T4 widespread in W. Africa eastwards to Kordofan, apparently absent from Zaire, southwards to the Victoria Falls region and central Malawi

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Pandiaka involucrata (Moq.) B.D.Jacks. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1979 Ern, H. [1725], Togo K000452165
Jan 1, 1972 Geerling, C. [1090], Burkina Faso K000452154
Jan 27, 1965 Adjanohoun, E.J. [368], Benin K000452167
Aug 29, 1963 Wilde, W.J.J.O. de [844], Ghana K000452158
Jan 1, 1951 Jones, A.P.D. [6326], Nigeria K000452176
Jan 1, 1951 Jones, A.P.D. [5868], Nigeria K000452177
Apr 13, 1905 Vogel [s.n.] K000243731
Apr 13, 1905 Vogel [s.n.], Nigeria K000243732 isotype
Lely, H.V. [581], Nigeria K000452173
Lely, H.V. [649], Nigeria K000452175
Hiepko, P. [82], Togo K000452163
Hiepko, P. [278], Togo K000452166
Broadbent, J.A. [148], Senegal K000452139
Talbot, P.A. [s.n.], Nigeria K000452174
Rose Innes, R. [31629], Ghana K000452155
Rose Innes, R. [30993], Ghana K000452156
Hagerup, O. [497], Mali K000452151
Hagerup, O. [497], Mali K000452169
Howes, F.N. [1032], Ghana K000452159
Eimunjeze [68035], Nigeria K000452170
Adjanohoun, E.J. [200], Benin K000452168
Clarke, C.B. [944], Nigeria K000452171
Clarke, C.B. [s.n.], Nigeria K000452172
Baldwin, J.T. Jr. [13553], Ghana K000452157
Goodall, D.W. [15857], Ghana K000452162
Mathey, A. [21], Togo K000452164
Alves Pereira, J. [1984], Guinea-Bissau K000452152
Brooks, A.J. [17], Gambia K000452150
Bartha, R. [1], Niger K000452161
Stage, E. [67], Togo K000452160

First published in Index Kew. 2: 409 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cavaco in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. B, 13: 133 (1962).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 1: 151 (1954).
  • J. G. Baker & C. B. Clarke in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 67 (1909).
  • B.D. Jackson in Index Kewensis: 409 (1894).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0