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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa advena (Vickery) R.D.Webster

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Queensland to NE. New South Wales.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose; clumped loosely. Stolons absent, or present. Culms decumbent; 40-120 cm long; 3-5 -noded; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths loose; striately veined. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-15 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-6; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1.5-2.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-7 cm long; pubescent, or pilose. Rhachis wingless; angular; pubescent on surface. Spikelet packing adaxial; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; subequal.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; turgidly plano-convex; obtuse; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; turgidly plano-convex; obtuse; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.25 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 3 -veined; pubescent; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; 2.25 mm long; indurate; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: south. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Vickery.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Queensland

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, Lesotho, Northern Provinces

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa advena (Vickery) R.D.Webster appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1988 Noble, A. [8475], New South Wales Brachiaria advena K000958893 holotype
    McKie, E.N. [s.n.], New South Wales Brachiaria advena K000958915 syntype
    Bennett, E. [9002], Australia Brachiaria advena K000958894 syntype

    Bibliography

    First published in Austral. Paniceae: 231 (1987)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria advena.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0