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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa brizantha (A.Rich.) R.D.Webster

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 30–200 cm. high, erect or sometimes geniculately ascending.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 3–20 mm. wide, flat.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (1)2–16 racemes, these mostly 4–20 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly and usually in 1 row; rhachis crescentic in section, c. 1 mm. wide with narrow involute wings, ciliate on the margins.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 4–6 mm. long, glabrous or sometimes sparsely pubescent, obtuse to subacute with a slight stipe at base.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 1/3 length of spikelet, acute or obtuse, separated from the superior by a short internode; superior glume cartilaginous, dully shining.
    Lemma
    Inferior lemma cartilaginous, dully shining. Superior lemma granulose, subacute.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennial; culms 30–200 cm. high, erect or sometimes geniculately ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to broadly linear, 10–100 cm. long, 3–20 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (1–)2–16 racemes on an axis 3–20 cm. long; racemes mostly 4–20 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly, these typically forming a single row; rhachis crescentic in section, ± 1 mm. wide, with narrow inrolled wings, ciliate on the margins.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets plumply elliptic, 4–6 mm. long, glabrous or sometimes sparsely pubescent, obtuse to subacute with a slight stipe at the base; lower glume 1/3, the length of the spikelet, clasping, acute or obtuse; upper glume cartilaginous, dully shining, separated from the lower by an internode; lower resembling the upper glume; upper lemma granulose, acute.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, wooded grassland and upland grassland; 300–2400 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 tropical and South Africaintroduced elsewhere in the tropics
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Robust perennial up to about 2 m. high.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-200 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 10-100 cm long; 3-20 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes (1-)2-16; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 4-20 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-20 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; semiterete; 1 mm wide; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 1 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute, or acute; 4-6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute, or acute; 4-6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus square. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-11 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 5 -veined; glabrous, or pubescent; obtuse, or acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-5.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Arabia. Asia-tropical: India, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, and north-central. North America: Mexico. South America: northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jawa, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Society Is., Texas, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa brizantha (A.Rich.) R.D.Webster appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1398], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078377
    Oct 1, 1926 Vanderyst, H. [500050005000], Zaïre Brachiaria brizantha K000282146
    Eyles, F. [1921], Zimbabwe Brachiaria brizantha K000282056
    Eyles, F. [1921], Zimbabwe Brachiaria brizantha K000282057 isosyntype
    Schimper [89], Ethiopia Brachiaria brizantha K000282128 isosyntype
    Schimper [89], Ethiopia Brachiaria brizantha K000282127 isosyntype
    Schimper [89], Ethiopia Brachiaria brizantha K000282126 isosyntype
    Heringer, E.P. [2077], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078375
    Heringer, E.P. [1756], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078376
    Noblick, L.R. [2626], Bahia Brachiaria brizantha K000003854
    Calderon, C.E. [2225], Bahia Brachiaria brizantha K000003858
    Calderon, C.E. [2225], Bahia Brachiaria brizantha K000003855
    Vanderyst, H. [3674], Zaire Brachiaria brizantha K000282147
    Speke, Uganda Brachiaria brizantha K000282129 holotype
    Graham [3937], Zimbabwe Brachiaria brizantha K000282058
    Lowe, J. [4206], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078380
    Hatschbach, G.G. [48984], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078382
    Brunt, M.A. [1010], Cameroon Brachiaria brizantha K000182464
    Brunt, M.A. [939], Cameroon Brachiaria brizantha K000182466
    s.coll. [2006], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078385
    Dombrowski, L.T.D. [7389], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078379
    Silva, N.T. da [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078383
    Silva, N.T. da [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078384
    Ornellas, S.O.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078378
    Simões, R.S. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria brizantha K001078381

    Bibliography

    First published in Austral. Paniceae: 233 (1987)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria brizantha.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

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    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0