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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa texana (Buckley) R.D.Webster

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. U.S.A. to Mexico.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 40-120 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; flat, or conduplicate; 8-20 cm long; 7-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy on both sides.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle pubescent above. Racemes 3-10; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 3-7 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 7-18 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; pubescent on surface. Spikelet packing irregular. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 5-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acute; 5-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-4 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea involute; indurate; without keels. Palea surface rugose.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia. North America: north-central USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Texas.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia

    Introduced into:

    Delaware, Maryland, Masachusettes, New South Wales, Palestine, Queensland

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa texana (Buckley) R.D.Webster appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Swallen, J.R. [10227], USA Brachiaria texana K000458339
    Hitchcock, A.S. [14], USA Brachiaria texana K000458336
    Reverchon, J. [3607], USA Brachiaria texana K000458335
    Bush, B.F. [1198], USA Brachiaria texana K000458338
    Burtt Davy, J. [s.n.], USA Brachiaria texana K000458337
    Groth, B.H.A. [190], USA Brachiaria texana K000458340
    Warnock, B.W. [21729], USA Brachiaria texana K000458334

    Bibliography

    First published in Austral. Paniceae: 253 (1987)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria texana.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0