1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Hedbergia Molau
      1. Hedbergia abyssinica (Hochst. ex Benth.) Molau

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Nigeria to Cameroon, Ethiopia to Malawi.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Perennial suffrutescent herb, erect, ascending or scrambling to 3 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems several arising from a woody rootstock, much branched especially within inflorescence, rarely almost simple, terete, usually more or less densely pubescent with straight or hooked, patent or retrorse, glandular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile or subsessile, thick, rigid, spreading, 3–12(30) x 1 -2(4) mm., elliptic to lanceolate, apex acute or obtuse, cuneate or rounded at base, minutely short-hispid to subglabrous, margin shallowly or deeply serrate or crenate, ± reflexed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a usually much branched many-flowered raceme.
    Flowers
    Flowers white to pale pink or at times purple, opposite to subopposite, pedicels 2–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–7.5 mm. long, shortly hispid; lobes equal to or slightly shorter than the tube, slightly bilabiate with lobes at rimes irregularly crenate-dentate.
    Corolla
    Corolla white to pink or magenta, obliquely campanulate; tube curved, shorter than limb; limb almost equally 5-lobed.
    Style
    Style 5.5–7 mm. long, minutely pubescent or glabrous.
    Fruits
    Capsule (5)6.5–13 x (4.5)5–6.5 mm., ovoid to subglobose, short to long pilose.
    Seeds
    Seeds slightly curved, longitudinally ridged with 6–14 ridges.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid to subglobose, (5–)6.5–13 mm long, (4.5–)5–6.5 mm broad, shortto long-pilose
    Seeds
    Seeds slightly curved, longitudinally ridged with 6–14 ridges
    Figures
    Fig 51 p 196
    Ecology
    Open grasslands, secondary bushland or forest margins; 2000–2400 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread
    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Mt Scholoda, Schimper I: 356 (K! lecto., chosen by Hedberg et al. 207 (1980) (see under synonomy); BM!, BR, G, HAL, HBG, L, LE, M, MO, OXF, P!, S, W, iso.)
    Habit
    Perennial suffrutescent herb to 3 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems several arising from a woody rootstock, erect, ascending or scrambling, much branched especially within inflorescence, rarely almost simple, usually more or less densely pubescent with straight or hooked, patent or retrorse glandular hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile or subsessile, thick, rigid, spreading, elliptic to lanceolate, 3–12(–30) mm long, 1–2(–4) mm wide, cuneate or rounded at base, apex acute or obtuse, minutely short-hispid to subglabrous, margins shallowly or deeply serrate or crenate, more or less reflexed
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a usually much branched many-flowered raceme; flowers, opposite to subopposite; pedicels 2–5 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–7.5 mm long, shortly hispid; lobes oblong, equal to or slightly shorter than the tube, slightly bilabiate with lobes at times irregularly crenate-dentate
    Corolla
    Corolla white to pale pink or at times purplewhite to pink or magenta, obliquely campanulate; tube curved, shorter than limb; limb almost equally 5-lobed.
    Style
    Style 5.5–7 mm long, minutely pubescent or glabrous
    Distribution
    Range: Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia, Malawi Flora districts: U2 K2 K3 K 4 , K6 T2 T7
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Straggling perennial herb 1-3 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers pale yellow turning pink
    Ecology
    In montane grassland
    Note
    Drying dark brown.
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect perennial herb 6 in. to 1 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers carmine or bluish-mauve
    Ecology
    In montane grassland
    Note
    Drying dark brown.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Hedbergia abyssinica (Hochst. ex Benth.) Molau appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8657], Cameroon K000339182
    Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [364], Cameroon K000339185
    Dec 1, 2000 Buzgo, M. [669], Cameroon K000339181
    Dec 1, 2000 Kamundi, D. [731], Cameroon K000339184
    Mar 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3488], Cameroon K000339183
    Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [759], Cameroon K000339180
    Jan 1, 1979 Maitland, T.D. [668], Cameroon K000028882
    Keay, R.W.J. [28607], Cameroon K000028895
    Morton, J.K. [853], Cameroon K000028886
    Morton, J.K. [545], Cameroon K000028887
    Morton, J.K. [609], Cameroon K000028893
    Maitland, T.D. [805], Cameroon K000028879
    Maitland, T.D. [1298], Cameroon K000028888
    Maitland, T.D. [1190], Cameroon K000028896
    Maitland, T.D. [1025], Cameroon K000028901
    Boughey, A.S. [12657], Cameroon K000028891
    Boughey, A.S. [12657], Cameroon K000028894
    Boughey, A.S. [10594], Cameroon K000028902
    Meurillon, A. [1168], Cameroon K000028890
    McClounie, J. [60], Malawi K000405512 Unknown type material
    Johnston, H.H. [80], Cameroon K000028880
    Snowden, J.D. [450], Uganda K000405513 Unknown type material
    Schimper, M.W. [719], Ethiopia K000405515
    Dunlap [198], Cameroon K000028883
    Roth, D. [460], Ethiopia K000405516
    Quartin-Dillon et Petit [216], Ethiopia K000405514
    Migeod, F. W. H. [183], Cameroon K000028881

    First published in Nordic J. Bot. 8: 195 (1988)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 305 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 262, pl. 113 (1994)
    • F.Z. 8(2): 156 (1990)
    • Nord. Journ. Bot. 8: 195 (1988)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0