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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Australasia.
Persicaria decipiens (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type from Australia.
Morphology General Habit
A glabrous to glabrescent, erect or ± decumbent, sometimes straggling, perennial herb A glabrous to glabrescent, erect or ± decumbent, sometimes straggling, perennial herb.
Morphology Stem
Stems green becoming brown below, up to 1 m tall, simple or branched, rooting at the lower nodes Stems green becoming brown below, up to 1 m tall, simple or branched, rooting at the lower nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or subsessile, 7–15 × 0.5–3 cm, linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, acute at the apex, attenuate at the base, glabrous, or more rarely papillose or pubescent, with stiff hairs on the margins and on the lower surface midrib Leaves sessile or subsessile, 7–15 × 0.5–3 cm, linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, acute at the apex, attenuate at the base, glabrous, or more rarely papillose or pubescent, with stiff hairs on the margins and on the lower surface midrib.
Morphology Leaves Ocrea
Ocrea brown, scarious, up to 2 cm long, rather thinly covered with closely ascending bristly hairs, apex truncate with a fringe of whitish-yellow erect-patent stiff bristles 8–15(20) mm long Ocrea brown, scarious, up to 2 cm long, rather thinly covered with closely ascending bristly hairs, apex truncate with a fringe of whitish-yellow erect-patent stiff bristles 8–15(20) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate, 2–6 in fascicles surrounded by bracts, arranged in ± terminal spiciform racemes; racemes 2.5–8.5 cm long, 2 or more together, sometimes digitate, slender with a markedly zigzag appearance when immature; peduncles glabrous Flowers pedicellate, 2–6 in fascicles surrounded by bracts, arranged in ± terminal spiciform racemes; racemes 2.5–8.5 cm long, 2 or more together, sometimes digitate, slender with a markedly zigzag appearance when immature; peduncles glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts reddish-brown, glabrous, truncate or ± rounded at the apex with a fringe of rigid bristles c. 1 mm long Bracts reddish-brown, glabrous, truncate or ± rounded at the apex with a fringe of rigid bristles c. 1 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white or pink, 1.8–3(3.5) mm long; lobes 5, longer than the tube, oblong-ovate, obtuse at the apex Perianth white or pink, 1.8–3(3.5) mm long; lobes 5, longer than the tube, oblong-ovate, obtuse at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–8; filaments up to 1 mm long, filiform, inserted near the base of the tube; anthers pink, 0.2–0.25 mm long, ovate Stamens 5–8; filaments up to 1 mm long, filiform, inserted near the base of the tube; anthers pink, 0.2–0.25 mm long, ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1.2 × 0.8 mm, ovoid; styles 3, 0.8 mm long, united for half their length
Ecology
In marshy places and edges of streams; sea level to 1800(2400) m.
Distribution
Mozambique Caprivi Strip Malawi Zimbabwe Zambia BOT N, ZAM B, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N, MOZ T, MOZ GI, MOZ M Botswana Widespread in southern Europe, Macaronesia, tropical and South Africa, tropical Asia, Australia and America; naturalized in Madagascar.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1.2 × 0.8 mm, ovoid; styles 3, 0.8 mm long, united for half their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nut black, smooth, shiny, 2–3 mm long, trigonous or lenticular. Nut black, smooth, shiny, 2–3 mm long, trigonous or lenticular.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending annual or perennial, up to 1 m tall, without glands; stems glabrous
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Ochreae covered by short bristly hairs and fringed with 10–25 mm long stiff bristles
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or almost so, linear-lanceolate, 8–15 x 0.7–2 cm, acute, usually glabrous except for ciliate margins and veins beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes slender, 2–9 cm long, with a markedly zigzag appearance when young; bracts fringed with bristles c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth pink or white, 2–2.5(–3) mm long; tepals 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nut usually trigonous, 2–2.5 mm long, black, glossy.
Distribution
N2; widespread in tropical Africa, also in Arabia, tropical Asia, Australia and America, and in S Europe.
Ecology
Altitude c. 1500 m.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Chatham Is., China Southeast, Congo, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Palestine, Portugal, Queensland, Rwanda, Sardegna, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Victoria, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Madagascar

English
Bistort, Snake root

Persicaria decipiens (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2010 Hooker, J.D. [104], Cape Verde K001134481
Jun 1, 2008 Mwachala, G. [1344], Kenya K000614853
Feb 15, 1989 Brown, R. [2995], Australia K000831165
Feb 1, 1989 Adamson, F.M. [275], Victoria K000831164 isolectotype
Nov 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [196], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198110
Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9406], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198111
Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7251], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198113
Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9160], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198112
Jun 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9849], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000746942
May 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [703], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000746943
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Morocco Polygonum salicifolium K000244010
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Morocco Polygonum salicifolium K000244011
Salzmann [s.n.], Algeria Polygonum salicifolium K000244012

First published in Telopea 3: 178 (1988)

Accepted by

  • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Not accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo. [Cited as Persicaria salicifolia.]

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Kew Bull. 45: 634 (1990).
  • Telopea 3: 178 (1988)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • GBIF ( 2021-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmandson, J.R. (eds.) (2016). Flora of Iraq 5(1): 1-284. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Graham, R.A. (1958). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygonaceae: 1-40.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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