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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa adspersa (Trin.) R.D.Webster

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. U.S.A., Caribbean, Bolivia to Brazil and N. Argentina.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 30-100 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-15 cm long; 8-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; crenate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-8; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 3-10 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 6-15 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; glabrous on surface; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; irregular. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acuminate; 3.2-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; acuminate; 3.2-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.25-0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins without cross-veins, or with cross-veins. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; without cross-veins, or with cross-veins; pubescent; acuminate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.5-3.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels. Palea surface rugose.
    Distribution
    North America: southeast USA. South America: Caribbean, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr W Indies.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil West-Central, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., New Jersey, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Virginia, Windward Is.

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa adspersa (Trin.) R.D.Webster appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brachiaria adspersa K000309372
    Hatschbach, G.G. [49287], Brazil Brachiaria adspersa K001078352

    Bibliography

    First published in Syst. Bot. 13: 607 (1988)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria adspersa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0