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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa aristata Vasey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. U.S.A. to Mexico.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 50-80 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 10-25 cm long; 5-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth to scabrous; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-4 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 7-15 cm long; with scattered hairs, or glabrous. Rhachis angular; with scattered hairs, or glabrous on surface. Spikelet packing regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; scabrous; bearing a few hairs, or glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; (5-)5.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; (5-)5.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough above; pilose; hairy above. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-3 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; scabrous; rough above; pilose; hairy below; acuminate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.5-3.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    North America: southwest USA and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, and northern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Nov Gal 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Arizona, California, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Eriochloa aristata Vasey appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Palmer, E. [110 E], Mexico K000643658 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 229 (1886)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0