1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus stolonifer Renuka

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. India.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Clustering, stoloniferus, high climbing canes, Stems with sheaths to 3 cm in diameter, without sheaths to 1.2 cm. Sheath green, sparingly spiny, spines to 2 cm long; knee present, devoid of spines; ocrea present in young stages. Leaf to 1.75 m long, ecirrate; petiole 15-85 cm long; rachis spiny, spines to 2.5 cm, distally with recurved spines below; leaflets ca 45 x 3.5 cm, seedling leaflets upto 5.5 cm wide, linear lanceolate, the terminal pair confluent basally, apical 5-6 leaflets crowded together, more obtuse, margin spinescent, 3-5 veined, midvein sparsely ciliate. Inflorescence long, flagellate; primary sheath in male inflorescence expanded into a laminar structure at the mouth, in female inflorescence tapering at the mouth; secondary sheath tightly sheathing, in male produced into a point at one side at the mouth, not spiny; male and female rachillae to 9 cm long, attached at the mouth of the sheath; involucrophorum not stalked; involucre cup-shaped. Fruit, ca 1 cm accross, spherical, scales in 16 rows, not channeled, yellow with brown border. Endosperm not ruminate.
    Vernacular
    Kannada: Jedubetha.
    Distribution
    Evergreen forests at about 85 m. Makkut in Karnataka. (Fig. 6)
    Biology
    Flowering November - December. Fruiting March - April.
    [PW]
    Use
    A good quality cane, but not available in sufficient quantities.

    Distribution

    Calamus stolonifer Renuka appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 14: 701 (1990)

    Accepted by

    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0